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U+53C9, 叉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C9

[U+53C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53CA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 29, +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 水戈 (EI) or X水戈 (XEI), four-corner 17400, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 165, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3116
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 390, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53C9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰraːl, *sʰreːl
*sʰraːl, *sʰraːls, *sʰreːls
*sʰraːl, *sʰreːl
*sʰraːls
*sʰraːls, *sʰreːls
*hr'eːl
*sʰreːl
*sʰreːl
*sʰreːls

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Etymology 1Edit

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: erhua - noun.
Note:
  • chhe/chhee - vernacular;
  • chha - literary (used in Quanzhou for “cross”, not usually used elsewhere).
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa˥˩/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˦/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa˦˦/ ~子
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˦/ ~住了
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ˨˩/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˧/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˧/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˦/ 魚~
    Xi'an /t͡sʰa˨˩/ ~子
    /t͡sʰa˦˦/ ~開
    Xining /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa˦˦/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa˧˩/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠˦˦/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ˧˩/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa˥˧/ ~腿
    /t͡sʰa˩˩/ ~車
    Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ˩˧/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰa˧˩/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo˥˧/
    /t͡sʰa˥˧/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰo˥˥/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ˧˧/
    /t͡sʰɑ˦˦˥/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰo˧˧/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa˧˩/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ˩˩/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa˧˧/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ˧˧/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ˦˨/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ˨˦/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa˥˧/
    Nanning /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    /t͡sʰe˥˥/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa˥˦/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe˧˧/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sa˨˧/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (19) (19)
    Final () (31) (98)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () II II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /t͡ʃʰˠɛ/ /t͡ʃʰˠa/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚæ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚa/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /t͡ʃʰæi/ /t͡ʃʰa/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨj/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨ/
    Li
    Rong
    /t͡ʃʰɛ/ /t͡ʃʰa/
    Wang
    Li
    /t͡ʃʰai/ /t͡ʃʰa/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʈ͡ʂʰai/ /ʈ͡ʂʰa/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chāi chā
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 1175 1184
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sʰraːl/ /*sʰreːl/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. fork (pronged tool, including the eating utensil)
    2. to use a fork; to pick up with a fork
    3. (Wu) to use chopsticks to eat
    4. to cross; to intersect
    5. cross
      答案 / 答案  ―  Cuò de dá'àn dǎ chā.  ―  Put a cross for the wrong answer.
    6. replacement for "x"
        ―  shǎchā  ―  (please add an English translation of this example)
    7. (chiefly Cantonese, euphemistic) A generic intensifier which can be substituted for any profane intensifier.
      [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 caa1 jung6 [Jyutping]  ―  bleeping useless
    8. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Hokkien) to pinch
    9. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Hokkien) to speak rudely
    10. (Wu) to play (mahjong)
    11. (Xiang, of ducks) to eat
    12. (Cantonese, from English charge) to charge; to recharge

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa˥˩/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˦/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa˦˦/ ~子
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˦/ ~住了
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ˨˩/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˧/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˧/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˦/ 魚~
    Xi'an /t͡sʰa˨˩/ ~子
    /t͡sʰa˦˦/ ~開
    Xining /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa˦˦/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa˧˩/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠˦˦/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ˧˩/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa˥˧/ ~腿
    /t͡sʰa˩˩/ ~車
    Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ˩˧/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰa˧˩/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo˥˧/
    /t͡sʰa˥˧/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰo˥˥/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ˧˧/
    /t͡sʰɑ˦˦˥/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰo˧˧/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa˧˩/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ˩˩/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa˧˧/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ˧˧/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ˦˨/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ˨˦/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa˥˧/
    Nanning /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    /t͡sʰe˥˥/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa˥˦/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe˧˧/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sa˨˧/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Northeastern Mandarin) to block up; to jam

    Pronunciation 3Edit



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa˥˩/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˦/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa˦˦/ ~子
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˦/ ~住了
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ˨˩/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˧/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˧/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˦/ 魚~
    Xi'an /t͡sʰa˨˩/ ~子
    /t͡sʰa˦˦/ ~開
    Xining /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa˦˦/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa˧˩/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠˦˦/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ˧˩/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa˥˧/ ~腿
    /t͡sʰa˩˩/ ~車
    Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ˩˧/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰa˧˩/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo˥˧/
    /t͡sʰa˥˧/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰo˥˥/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ˧˧/
    /t͡sʰɑ˦˦˥/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰo˧˧/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa˧˩/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ˩˩/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa˧˧/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ˧˧/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ˦˨/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ˨˦/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa˥˧/
    Nanning /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    /t͡sʰe˥˥/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa˥˦/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe˧˧/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sa˨˧/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to spread; to open; to fork; to separate
    2. (Wu) to push something away; to move something away

    Pronunciation 4Edit


    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa˥˩/
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˦/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa˦˦/ ~子
    /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˦/ ~住了
    Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ˨˩/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˧/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩˧/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˦/ 魚~
    Xi'an /t͡sʰa˨˩/ ~子
    /t͡sʰa˦˦/ ~開
    Xining /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa˦˦/
    Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa˧˩/
    Ürümqi /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Wuhan /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Chengdu /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Guiyang /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠˦˦/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ˧˩/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa˨˩/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa˥˧/ ~腿
    /t͡sʰa˩˩/ ~車
    Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ˩˧/
    Hohhot /t͡sʰa˧˩/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo˥˧/
    /t͡sʰa˥˧/
    Suzhou /t͡sʰo˥˥/
    Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ˧˧/
    /t͡sʰɑ˦˦˥/
    Wenzhou /t͡sʰo˧˧/
    Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa˧˩/
    Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ˩˩/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa˧˧/
    Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ˧˧/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ˦˨/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ˨˦/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa˥˧/
    Nanning /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Hong Kong /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa˥˥/
    /t͡sʰe˥˥/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa˦˦/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa˥˦/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe˧˧/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /sa˨˧/
    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (chā, “fork of a branch”).
    2. Alternative form of (chà, “diverge, branch off; fork in the road”).

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“the open seam of a garment which allows freedom of movement”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 3Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“pick up with fork or pincers”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 4Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“fork of a tree; pitchfork; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 5Edit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“a branching stream”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. fork

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: しゃ (sha)
    • Kan-on: (sa)
    • Kun: また (mata, )

    CompoundsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (cha)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: xoa

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.