Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 29 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 水戈 (EI) or X水戈 (XEI), four-corner 17400, composition)

  1. crotch
  2. fork, prong

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 165, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3116
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 390, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53C9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 鱼~
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
/t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~开
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
/t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~车
Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰa⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
/t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (19)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɣɛ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰai/ /t͡ʃʰɛ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯæ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨj/ /t͡ʃʰai/ /t͡ʃʰæi/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (19)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɣa/ /ʈ͡ʂʰa/ /t͡ʃʰa/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯa/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨ/ /t͡ʃʰa/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1175 1 /*sʰraːl/
1184 2 /*sʰreːl/

NounEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. fork

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(cha)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: cha, McCune-Reischauer: ch'a)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(xoa)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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