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U+53C9, 叉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C9

[U+53C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53CA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 29 +1, 3 strokes, cangjie input 水戈 (EI) or X水戈 (XEI), four-corner 17400, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 165, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3116
  • Dae Jaweon: page 374, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 390, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+53C9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰraːl, *sʰreːl
*sʰraːl, *sʰraːls, *sʰreːls
*sʰraːl, *sʰreːl
*sʰraːls
*sʰraːls, *sʰreːls
*hr'eːl
*sʰreːl
*sʰreːl
*sʰreːls

Etymology 1Edit

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: erhua - noun.
Note:
  • chhe/chhee - vernacular;
  • chha - literary (used in Quanzhou for “cross”, not usually used elsewhere).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
/t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
/t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰa⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
/t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (19) (19)
Final () (31) (98)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃʰˠɛ/ /t͡ʃʰˠa/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂʰᵚæ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰᵚa/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰæi/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂʰaɨj/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨ/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃʰɛ/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃʰai/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂʰai/ /ʈ͡ʂʰa/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chāi chā
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1175 1184
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰraːl/ /*sʰreːl/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. fork (pronged tool, including the eating utensil)
  2. to use a fork; to pick up with a fork
  3. (Wu) to use chopsticks to eat
  4. to cross; to intersect
  5. cross
    答案 / 答案  ―  Cuò de dá'àn dǎ chā.  ―  Put a cross for the wrong answer.
  6. (Cantonese, euphemistic) A generic intensifier which can be substituted for any profane intensifier.
    [Cantonese]  ―  mou5 caa1 jung6 [Jyutping]  ―  bleeping useless
  7. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Min Nan) to pinch
  8. (Xiamen, Zhangzhou, Taiwanese Min Nan) to speak rudely
  9. (Wu) to play (mahjong)
  10. (Xiang, of ducks) to eat
  11. (Cantonese, from English charge) to charge; to recharge

Pronunciation 2Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
/t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
/t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰa⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
/t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Northeastern Mandarin) to block up; to jam

Pronunciation 3Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
/t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
/t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰa⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
/t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to spread; to open; to fork; to separate
  2. (Wu) to push something away; to move something away

Pronunciation 4Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁵¹/
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹⁴/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/ ~子
/ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ ~住了
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑ²¹/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa²⁴/ 魚~
Xi'an /t͡sʰa²¹/ ~子
/t͡sʰa⁴⁴/ ~開
Xining /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰa⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰa³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Guiyang /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰa̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰɑ³¹/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰa²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰa⁵³/ ~腿
/t͡sʰa¹¹/ ~車
Pingyao /t͡sʰɑ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰa³¹/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰa⁵³/
Suzhou /t͡sʰo⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɑ³³/
/t͡sʰɑ⁴⁴⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰo³³/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰa³¹/
Tunxi /t͡sʰɔ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰa³³/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰɒ³³/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰɑ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰa⁵³/
Nanning /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰa⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰe⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰa⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰa⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰe³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sa²³/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (chā, “fork of a branch”).
  2. Alternative form of (chà, “diverge, branch off; fork in the road”).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 5Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. fork

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cha)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.