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See also: κρινῶ


Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Hellenic *kríňňō, from Proto-Indo-European *kri-n-ye-, from *krey-. Cognates include English rinse, Latin cernō (I separate, discern), and Welsh gogrynu.

The root of the verb was originally short, but the Attic–Ionic–Doric present tense κρῑ́νω (krī́nō) has a long (ī) because the vowel of the root was compensatorily lengthened after the shortening of Proto-Hellenic *ňň, and the aorist ἔκρῑνᾰ (ékrīna) has long (ī) because of compensatory lengthening after the loss of the aorist tense-marker /s/ in the original form /ekrin-sa/. The Aeolic present κρῐ́ννω (krínnō) and aorist ἔκρῐννε (ékrinne) have a short (i) and doubled νν (nn) because the consonant ν (n) was compensatorily lengthened instead of the vowel.


  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /krǐː.nɔː/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈ
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈ
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈ
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈ
  • VerbEdit

    κρῑ́νω (krī́nō)

    1. (transitive) To separate, divide, part, distinguish between two things or people or among a group of things or people
    2. (transitive) To order, arrange
    3. To inquire, investigate
    4. To select, choose, prefer
    5. (transitive) To decide a dispute or contest, with accusative of the contest or dispute, or accusative of a person involved in the contest or dispute; (intransitive) to pass judgement, come to a decision
      1. (middle, passive) To have a contest decided
      2. (middle and passive) To contend, dispute, quarrel
    6. To decide or judge [+accusative and infinitive = that something does something], [+accusative and accusative = that something is something]
    7. To discern between good and bad
    8. To judge, pronounce
    9. To bring to court, accuse
    10. To pass sentence on, condemn, criticize


    Derived termsEdit

    Further readingEdit



    κρίνω (kríno) (simple past έκρινα, passive κρίνομαι)

    1. judge, assess, decide


    Derived termsEdit

    Related termsEdit