Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Hellenic *kríňňō, from Proto-Indo-European *kri-n-ye-, from *krey-. Cognates include English rinse, Latin cernō ‎(I separate, discern), and Welsh gogrynu.

The root of the verb was originally short, but the Attic–Ionic–Doric present tense κρῑ́νω ‎(krī́nō) has a long ‎(ī) because the vowel of the root was compensatorily lengthened after the shortening of Proto-Hellenic *ňň, and the aorist ἔκρῑνᾰ ‎(ékrīna) has long ‎(ī) because of compensatory lengthening after the loss of the aorist tense-marker /s/ in the original form /ekrin-sa/. The Aeolic present κρῐ́ννω ‎(krínnō) and aorist ἔκρῐννε ‎(ékrinne) have a short ‎(i) and doubled νν ‎(nn) because the consonant ν ‎(n) was compensatorily lengthened instead of the vowel.




κρῑ́νω ‎(krī́nō)

  1. (transitive) To separate, divide, part, distinguish between two things or people or among a group of things or people
  2. (transitive) To order, arrange
  3. To inquire, investigate
  4. To select, choose, prefer
  5. (transitive) To decide a dispute or contest, with accusative of the contest or dispute, or accusative of a person involved in the contest or dispute; (intransitive) to pass judgement, come to a decision
    1. (middle voice, passive) To have a contest decided
    2. (middle voice and passive) To contend, dispute, quarrel
  6. To decide or judge [+accusative and infinitive = that something does something], [+accusative and accusative = that something is something]
  7. To discern between good and bad
  8. To judge, pronounce
  9. To bring to court, accuse
  10. To pass sentence on, condemn, criticize


Derived termsEdit


  • κρίνω in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • κρίνω in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • κρίνω in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «κρίνω» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • κρίνω in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • G2919”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • BDAG
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill



κρίνω ‎(kríno) ‎(simple past έκρινα, passive form κρίνομαι)

  1. judge, assess, decide


Related termsEdit