Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Hellenic *kríňňō, from Proto-Indo-European *kri-n-ye-, from *krey-. Cognates include English rinse, Latin cernō(I separate, discern), and Welsh gogrynu.

The root of the verb was originally short, but the Attic–Ionic–Doric present tense κρῑ́νω(krī́nō) has a long (ī) because the vowel of the root was compensatorily lengthened after the shortening of Proto-Hellenic *ňň, and the aorist ἔκρῑνᾰ(ékrīna) has long (ī) because of compensatory lengthening after the loss of the aorist tense-marker /s/ in the original form /ekrin-sa/. The Aeolic present κρῐ́ννω(krínnō) and aorist ἔκρῐννε(ékrinne) have a short (i) and doubled νν(nn) because the consonant ν(n) was compensatorily lengthened instead of the vowel.




κρῑ́νω (krī́nō)

  1. (transitive) To separate, divide, part, distinguish between two things or people or among a group of things or people
  2. (transitive) To order, arrange
  3. To inquire, investigate
  4. To select, choose, prefer
  5. (transitive) To decide a dispute or contest, with accusative of the contest or dispute, or accusative of a person involved in the contest or dispute; (intransitive) to pass judgement, come to a decision
    1. (middle voice, passive) To have a contest decided
    2. (middle voice and passive) To contend, dispute, quarrel
  6. To decide or judge [+accusative and infinitive = that something does something], [+accusative and accusative = that something is something]
  7. To discern between good and bad
  8. To judge, pronounce
  9. To bring to court, accuse
  10. To pass sentence on, condemn, criticize


Derived termsEdit


  • κρίνω in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • κρίνω in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • κρίνω in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «κρίνω» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • κρίνω in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • G2919”, in Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance to the Bible, 1979
  • BDAG
  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill



κρίνω (kríno) (simple past έκρινα, passive form κρίνομαι)

  1. judge, assess, decide


Related termsEdit