Bashkir

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *bār (there is/are, there exist(s)).

Cognate with Uyghur بار (bar, there exists), Turkish var (there exists).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈbɑɾ]
  • Hyphenation: бар (one syllable)

Predicative

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бар (bar)

  1. there is / there are, there exist; I/you have, s/he has, etc.
    Уйлаймын, тимәк мин бармын.
    Uylaymın, timək min barmın.
    (I) think, therefore I exist.
    Биш минут ҡына ваҡытым бар.
    Biş minut qına vaqıtım bar.
    I have only five minutes of time.
    Ауылда биш сутый ере бар.
    Awılda biş sutıy yere bar.
    ((S)he) has 5 ares of land in the village.
    Ҡаҙағстанда ла аҙаш ауыл бар икән.
    Qaźağstanda la aźaş awıl bar ikən.
    As it happens, there is a village of the same name in Kazakhstan as well.
    Рәсәйҙә ауыл хужалығының киләсәге бармы?
    Rəsəyźə awıl xujalığınıñ kiləsəge barmı?
    Is there a future for agriculture in Russia?
    "Ни сәсһәң - шуны урырһың", тигән тапҡыр әйтем бар.
    "Ni səshəñ - şunı urırhıñ", tigən tapqır əytem bar.
    There is a shrewd adage which says "What you sow is what you will reap".
    Кем белә, бәлки, башҡа сәбәбе лә барҙыр.
    Kem belə, bəlki, başqa səbəbe lə barźır.
    Who knows, there might be another reason as well.

Determiner

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бар (bar)

  1. all, every
    Ул бик ҡиммәтле матур ынйы тапҡас, ҡайтып бар мөлкәтен һатҡан да, шул ынйыны алған. (Matthew 13:46)
    Ul bik qimmətle matur ınyı tapqas, qaytıp bar mölkəten hatqan da, şul ınyını alğan.
    When he found a very valuable, beautiful pearl, (he) went home, sold all his belongings and bought that pearl.
    Бар мәғлүмәт тере шаһиттар ауыҙынан яҙып алынған.
    Bar məğlümət tere şahittar awıźınan yaźıp alınğan.
    All information has been recorded from the mouths of living witnesses.
    Бар көсөмдө башҡорт Википедияһына һалам.
    Bar kösömdö başqort Vikipediyahına halam.
    I put my every effort into the Bashkir Wikipedia.

Adjective

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бар (bar)

  1. (introduces an attributive adjective phrase) with, which have/has...
    Үҙ яҙмаһы бар халыҡ.
    Üź yaźmahı bar xalıq.
    A people that has its own literary tradition.

Antonyms

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  • юҡ (yuq) (there is not)

Derived terms

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See also

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Budukh

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Old Armenian *բարհ (*barh),[1] the earlier form of բահ (bah), or together with it borrowed from an Iranian source.

Noun

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бар (bar)

  1. wooden spade[2]

References

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  1. ^ Ačaṙean, Hračʻeay (1977) “բահ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Armenian Etymological Dictionary] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, a reprint of the original 1926–1935 seven-volume edition, volume III, Yerevan: University Press, page 393b
  2. ^ Мейланова, У. А. (1984) “бар”, in Будухско-русский словарь [Budukh–Russian Dictionary], Moscow: Nauka, page 25b

Bulgarian

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from English bar.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [bar]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -ar

Noun

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бар (bar)

  1. bar, pub
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Ultimately from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight, burden).

Noun

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бар (bar)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
Declension
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Anagrams

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Dolgan

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *bar-, compare Kyrgyz баруу (baruu).

Verb

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бар (bar)

  1. to go

Kazakh

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Alternative scripts
Arabic بار
Cyrillic бар
Latin bar
Yañalif ʙar

Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *bār.

Predicative

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бар (bar)

  1. there is / there are, there exist; I/you have, he/she has, etc.

Determiner

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бар (bar)

  1. all, every

Verb

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бар (bar)

  1. active imperative of бару (baru)

Kumyk

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *bār.

Predicative

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бар (bar)

  1. there is / there are, there exist; I/you have, he/she has, etc.
    Акъчам таман чакъы бар.Aqçam taman çaqı bar.I have enough money.

Antonyms

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Further reading

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  • Бамматов Б.Г., editor (2013), “бар”, in Кумыкско-русский словарь [Kumyk–Russian dictionary], Makhachkala: ИЯЛИ ДНЦ РАН

Kyrgyz

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *bār.

Predicative

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бар (bar)

  1. there is / there are, there exist

Antonyms

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Macedonian

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Pronunciation

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Adverb

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бар (bar) (not comparable)

  1. at least

Noun

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бар (barm (relational adjective барски)

  1. bar (place)

Declension

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Mongolian

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Proto-Mongolic *bars, a loanword from Proto-Turkic *bars (leopard, large feline) of unclear etymology.

Compare Dongxiang basi, Kazakh барыс (barys).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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бар (bar) (Mongolian spelling ᠪᠠᠷᠰ (bars))

  1. tiger
  2. (astrology) tiger
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Nogai

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *bār.

Verb

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бар (bar)

  1. there is

References

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  • N. A. Baskakov, S.A Kalmykov, editor (1963), “бар”, in Nogajsko-Russkij Slovarʹ [Nogai-Russian Dictionary], Moscow: karačajevo-čerkesskij naučno- issledovatelʹskij institut jazyka, literatury i istorii, →ISBN

Ossetian

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Noun

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бар (bar)

  1. right
  2. permission

References

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  • Abajev, V. I. (1958–1995) Историко-этимологический словарь осетинского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Ossetian Language] (in Russian), Moscow and Leningrad: Academy Press

Russian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from English bar.

Noun

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бар (barm inan (genitive ба́ра, nominative plural ба́ры, genitive plural ба́ров)

  1. saloon, bar, snack bar
  2. (technical) bar, jib
Declension
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Descendants
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  • Buryat: баар (baar)
  • Mongolian:
    Mongolian script: ᠪᠠᠭᠠᠷ (baɣar)
    Cyrillic script: баар (baar)

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from French barre.

Noun

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бар (barm inan (genitive ба́ра, nominative plural ба́ры, genitive plural ба́ров)

  1. sandbar
Declension
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Etymology 3

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Borrowed from French bar, from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros).

Noun

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бар (barm inan (genitive ба́ра, nominative plural ба́ры, genitive plural ба́ров)

  1. (meteorology) bar (unit of pressure)
Declension
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Etymology 4

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Noun

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бар (barm anim pl

  1. genitive/accusative plural of ба́рин (bárin)

Anagrams

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Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from English bar.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ба̑р m (Latin spelling bȃr)

  1. public house, bar
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Ancient Greek βάρος (báros, weight), coined circa 1900.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ба̑р m (Latin spelling bȃr)

  1. bar (unit of pressure)
Declension
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Etymology 3

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Clipping of ба̀рем.

Pronunciation

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Adverb

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ба̏р (Latin spelling bȁr)

  1. at least

Etymology 4

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Inherited from Proto-Slavic *bъrъ.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ба̑р m (Latin spelling bȃr) (regional)

  1. foxtail millet (Setaria italica)
    Synonym: му̏ха̄р
  2. pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum)
    Synonyms: ко̀шћан, бѝсе̄рно про̏со
Declension
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References

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  • бар” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • бар” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • бар” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • бар” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Southern Altai

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *bār. Kazakh бар (bar), Kyrgyz бар (bar), Crimean Tatar bar, Kumyk бар (bar), Bashkir бар (bar), Tatar бар (bar), Azerbaijani var, Turkish var, Uzbek bor, Uyghur بار (bar), etc.

Predicative

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бар (bar)

  1. there is / there are, there exist; I/you have, he/she has, etc.

Antonyms

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Derived terms

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Further reading

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  • N. A. Baskakov, Toščakova N.A, editor (1947), “бар”, in Ojrotsko-Russkij Slovarʹ [Oyrot-Russian Dictionary], Moscow: M.: OGIZ, →ISBN

Tajik

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Pronunciation

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Preposition

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Dari بر
Iranian Persian
Tajik бар

бар (bar)

  1. on
  2. upon
  3. onto

Tuvan

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *bār (there is, there are). Cognate to Turkish var (there is).

Adjective

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бар (bar)

  1. there is
    Соок суг бар бе?Sook sug bar be?Have you got cold water? (literally, “Is there cold water?”)

Ubykh

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Pronunciation

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Verb

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бар (bar)

  1. to stumble

References

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  • Vogt, Hans (1963) Dictionnaire de la Langue Oubykh[1] (in French), Oslo: Universitetsforlaget, page 88

Ukrainian

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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Noun

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бар (barm inan (genitive ба́ру, nominative plural ба́ри, genitive plural ба́рів, relational adjective ба́рний)

  1. bar (business licensed to sell alcoholic beverages, or the counter of such an establishment)
  2. bar (informal restaurant selling drinks and snacks)
Declension
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Etymology 2

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Noun

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бар (barm inan (genitive ба́ра, nominative plural ба́ри, genitive plural ба́рів)

  1. (meteorology) bar (unit of atmospheric pressure)
Declension
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Etymology 3

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Noun

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бар (barm inan (genitive ба́ра, nominative plural ба́ри, genitive plural ба́рів)

  1. (nautical) sandbar, shoal (sedimentary feature)
Declension
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Further reading

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Yakut

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *bar-. Compare Kyrgyz баруу (baruu).

Verb

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бар (bar)

  1. (intransitive) (with dat.) to go (somewhere)
    Synonym: сырыт (sırıt)
  2. (with abl.) to go away, to leave, to depart
    Synonym: таҕыс (tağıs)
    Antonyms: киир (kiir, to enter), хаал (qaal, to stay)
  3. to go (well, badly, etc.)
    үлэ үчүгэйдик барарüle ücügeydik bararwork is going well
  4. (euphemistic) to go, to die
  5. (as an auxiliary verb, following the -ан form of another verb)
    to start something, to go and do something
    үлэлээн барüleleen barto start working
    ааҕан барaağan barto start reading
  6. (as баран, following the -ан form of another verb, and itself followed by another clause)
    (by extension from the above sense)
    after
    See synonyms at хойут (qoyut).
    этэн баран, өйдөөтүмeten baran, öydöötümafter I said it, I understood

Notice the range of senses (compare English go).

Antonyms

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Derived terms

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