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ArabicEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From the root ن ص ب(n-ṣ-b).

VerbEdit

نَصَبَ (naṣaba) I, non-past يَنْصُبُ‎‎ (yanṣubu)

  1. (transitive) to set up, to lay, to erect, to raise, to build
    ‫نَصَبَ نَفْسَهُ لِشَيْءٍ‬
    ‫naṣaba nafsahu lišayʾin‬
    to dedicate oneself to sth
  2. (transitive, grammar) to raise the vowel to /a/
    1. (grammar) to put into the accusative case
    2. (grammar) to put into the subjunctive mood
  3. (ditransitive) to proclaim, to declare, to arrogate to oneself (king, war, sovereignty …)
    Synonyms: أَعْلَنَ(ʾaʿlana), دَعَا(daʿā), نَدَى بِ(nadā bi)
  4. (transitive with عَلَى, formal) to concern, to be directed at, to focus on, to concentrate on
  5. (transitive, informal) to swindle, to scam, to ambush
  6. to appoint, to assign
    ‫نَصَبَ نَفْسَهُ مَلِكاً‬
    ‫naṣaba nafsahu malikan‬
    he proclaimed himself king
ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

نَصِبَ (naṣiba) I, non-past يَنْصَبُ‎‎ (yanṣabu)

  1. to strive, to labor, to toil
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 94:7-8:
      فَإِذَا فَرَغْتَ فَٱنْصَبْ؛ وَإِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَٱرْغَب
      faʾiḏā faraḡta fanṣab; waʾilā rabbika farḡab
      So when thou art free [from thy tasks], then strive [in worship]. And toward thy Lord and Master turn [thy] attention.
ConjugationEdit

VerbEdit

نَصَّبَ (naṣṣaba) II, non-past يُنَصِّبُ‎‎ (yunaṣṣibu)

  1. (transitive) to install, to establish
  2. to appoint, to assign
ConjugationEdit

NounEdit

نَصْب (naṣbm

  1. verbal noun of نَصَبَ (naṣaba) (form I)
  2. (grammar) accusative case
  3. (grammar) subjunctive mood
  4. (colloquial) swindle, trickery, deception, fraud
DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

نَصْب (naṣbm (plural أَنْصَاب(ʾanṣāb))

  1. An array of stones or a structure set up as a sign or mark to show the way (especially in the desert)
DeclensionEdit

NounEdit

نُصْب (nuṣbm (plural نُصُب (nuṣub) or أَنْصَاب(ʾanṣāb))

  1. something erected, sculpture, statue, monument
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 5:3:
      حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ وَالدَّمُ‌ــ‍‍‌‌وَمَا ذُبِحَ عَلَى النُّصُب‌ِــ‍‍‌
      ḥurrimat ʿalaykumu l-maytahu wad-damu---wamā ḏubiḥa ʿalaʾ n-nuṣubi---
      And prohibited unto you are carrion/dead meat and blood...and what was slain upon the stone alters/statues...
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 5:90:
      ــ‌‍‌إِنَّمَا الْخَمْرُ وَٱلْمَيْسِرُ وَٱلْأَنْصَابُ وَٱلْأَزْلَامُ رِجْسٌ مِنْ عَمَلِ الشَّيْطَانِ فَٱجْتَنِبُوهُ‌ــ‍‍‌
      --‍-ʾinnamā l-ḵamru wal-maysiru wal-ʾanṣābu wal-ʾazlāmu rijsun min ʿamali š-šayṭāni fajtanibūhu-‍‍-
      ...Wine/liquor and games of chance/gambling and [sacrificing upon or offering unto] stone alters/statues and [drawing or casting] divination arrows are surely an abomination, of Satan's handiwork, so shun it...
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

نَصُبُّ (naṣubbu) (form I)

  1. first-person plural non-past active indicative of صَبَّ(ṣabba)

VerbEdit

نَصُبَّ (naṣubba) (form I)

  1. first-person plural non-past active subjunctive of صَبَّ(ṣabba)
  2. first-person plural non-past active jussive of صَبَّ(ṣabba)

VerbEdit

نَصُبِّ (naṣubbi) (form I)

  1. first-person plural non-past active jussive of صَبَّ(ṣabba)

VerbEdit

نُصَبُّ (nuṣabbu) (form I)

  1. first-person plural non-past passive indicative of صَبَّ(ṣabba)

VerbEdit

نُصَبَّ (nuṣabba) (form I)

  1. first-person plural non-past passive subjunctive of صَبَّ(ṣabba)
  2. first-person plural non-past passive jussive of صَبَّ(ṣabba)

VerbEdit

نُصَبِّ (nuṣabbi) (form I)

  1. first-person plural non-past passive jussive of صَبَّ(ṣabba)

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

نُصِبْ (nuṣib) (form IV)

  1. first-person plural non-past active jussive of أَصَابَ(ʾaṣāba)

VerbEdit

نُصَبْ (nuṣab) (form IV)

  1. first-person plural non-past passive jussive of أَصَابَ(ʾaṣāba)