Hindi edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Sanskrit श्री (śrī).

Pronunciation edit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʃɾiː/

Noun edit

श्री (śrīm

  1. (honorific) sir, lord, mister
    श्री रामśrī rāmLord Rama
  2. light, lustre, radiance, splendour, glory, beauty, grace, loveliness

Declension edit

Proper noun edit

 
रागमाला में राग श्री

श्री (śrīm

  1. (Indian classical music) a Hindustani sunset raga of the Purvi thaat
  2. (Indian classical music) a Carnatic raga: incomplete, vakra, and derivative of खरहरप्रिय (kharahrapriya)

Marathi edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

श्री (śrī-)

  1. (honorific) sir, lord, mister

Nepali edit

Pronunciation edit

Prefix edit

श्री (śrī-)

  1. (honorific) sir, lord, master

Sanskrit edit

 
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A common ligature for Śrī (श्री)

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Indo-Aryan *śriHrás with apocopation, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ćriHrás. Compare Avestan 𐬯𐬭𐬍𐬭𐬀 (srīra). Doublet of श्रील (śrīlá).

Adjective edit

श्री (śrī́) stem

  1. diffusing light or radiance, splendid, radiant, beautifying, adorning

Noun edit

श्री (śrī́) stemf

  1. light, lustre, radiance, splendour, glory, beauty, grace, loveliness
  2. prosperity, welfare, good fortune, success, auspiciousness, wealth, treasure, riches
  3. symbol or insignia of royalty
Declension edit
Feminine ī-stem declension of श्री (śrī́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative श्रीः
śrī́ḥ
श्रियौ
śríyau
श्रियः
śríyaḥ
Vocative श्रीः
śrī́ḥ
श्रियौ
śríyau
श्रियः
śríyaḥ
Accusative श्रियम्
śríyam
श्रियौ
śríyau
श्रियः
śríyaḥ
Instrumental श्रिया
śriyā́
श्रीभ्याम्
śrībhyā́m
श्रीभिः
śrībhíḥ
Dative श्रिये / श्रियै¹
śriyé / śriyaí¹
श्रीभ्याम्
śrībhyā́m
श्रीभ्यः
śrībhyáḥ
Ablative श्रियः / श्रियाः¹ / श्रियै²
śriyáḥ / śriyā́ḥ¹ / śriyaí²
श्रीभ्याम्
śrībhyā́m
श्रीभ्यः
śrībhyáḥ
Genitive श्रियः / श्रियाः¹ / श्रियै²
śriyáḥ / śriyā́ḥ¹ / śriyaí²
श्रियोः
śriyóḥ
श्रियाम् / श्रीणाम्¹
śriyā́m / śrīṇā́m¹
Locative श्रियि / श्रियाम्¹
śriyí / śriyā́m¹
श्रियोः
śriyóḥ
श्रीषु
śrīṣú
Notes
  • ¹Later Sanskrit
  • ²Brāhmaṇas

Prefix edit

श्री (śrī)

  1. honorific prefix appended to certain names to mean "sacred" or "holy"
    e.g. श्रीदुर्गा (śrī-durgā), श्रीराम (śrī-rāma)
  2. used as a respectful title (like "Reverend") to the names of eminent persons as well as of celebrated works and sacred objects
    e.g. श्रीजयदेव (śrī-jayadeva)
Usage notes edit

This prefix may be repeated two, three, or even four times to express excessive veneration (e.g. श्रीश्रीदुर्गा (śrī-śrī-durgā) etc.). It is often placed at the beginning or back of letters, manuscripts, important documents etc., before the words चरण (caraṇa) and पाद (pāda, feet), and even the end of personal names.

Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱerh₂- (to mix). Cognate with Ancient Greek κεράννυμι (keránnumi, mix, blend), κρᾱτήρ (krātḗr, mixing bowl, cup-shaped basin; crater); English rear.

Root edit

श्री (śrī)

  1. to mix, mingle, cook
  2. to burn, flame, diffuse light
Derived terms edit

References edit

  • Monier Williams (1899), “श्री”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 1098.
  • Arthur Anthony Macdonell (1893), “श्री”, in A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press
  • William Dwight Whitney, 1885, The Roots, Verb-forms, and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit Language, Leipzig: Breitkopf and Härtel, page 179
  • Otto Böhtlingk; Richard Schmidt (1879-1928), “श्री”, in Walter Slaje, Jürgen Hanneder, Paul Molitor, Jörg Ritter, editors, Nachtragswörterbuch des Sanskrit [Dictionary of Sanskrit with supplements] (in German), Halle-Wittenberg: Martin-Luther-Universität, published 2016