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life; age; generation; era; world; lifetime
's; him/her/it; this
surname; match; mate; hatred; animosity; enmity; a rival; an enemy; feud
simp. and trad.


From the story of two ancient states during Western Zhou dynasty:

Duke Ai of Qi had a dispute with his neighbouring state Ji (紀). King Yi of Zhou sided with Marquis of Ji and executed Duke Ai. Later, Duke Xiang of Qi, ninth-generation descendant of him, conquered the State of Ji, to revenge for him.




  1. irreconcilable foes (from generations of hatred) since the remote past
    可以復讎 [MSC, trad.]
    可以复雠 [MSC, simp.]
    From: 春秋公羊傳·莊公四年
    Jiǔ shì yóu kěyǐ fùchóu hū? Suī bǎi shì kě yě. [Pinyin]
    Can the ninth generation descendant revenge (for his ancestor)? Even the hundredth descendant can (do it).