U+4EC7, 仇
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4EC7

[U+4EC6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4EC8]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +2, 4 strokes, cangjie input 人大弓 (OKN), four-corner 24217, composition)

  1. enemy, hate, hatred, enmity

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰuː
*kʰuː, *kʰu, *ɡu
*krɯːw, *qʰrɯːw, *ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*qʰruː
*ku
*ku
*kuʔ
*kus
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*ɡu, *kʷrɯwʔ
*ɡu, *ɡʷrɯw
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*ɡu
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
氿 *kʷrɯwʔ
*kʷrɯwʔ
*kuɡ
*qʰʷoɡ

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰou³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰou²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰou⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰou²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰəu³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰəu²¹/ ~恨
/t͡ɕʰiəu²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰəu³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəu¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰəu¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zɤ²³/
Suzhou /zɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zei²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑɤu³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu¹³/
Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨu²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /su¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐu²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐu²¹/
/t͡sʰɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiu²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siu³¹/
/sɔu³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guw/
Li
Rong
/ɡiu/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qiú
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiú
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ](r)u/
English mate (*n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6944
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
𧚍
Old
Chinese
/*ɡu/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    我又要叫你和女人彼此为仇。你的后裔和女人的后裔也彼此为仇。女人的后裔要伤你的头,你要伤他的脚跟。
    Wǒ yòu yào jiào nǐ hé nǚrén bǐcǐ wéi chóu . nǐde hòuyì hé nǚrén de hòuyì yĕ bǐcǐ wéi chóu . nǚrén de hòuyì yào shāng nǐde tóu , nǐ yào shāng tāde jiǎogēn .
    And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

Pronunciation 2Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰou³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰou²⁴/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴⁵/
/t͡sʰou⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴²/
Qingdao /tʃʰou⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁴²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʰou²⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʰɯ²⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʰəu⁵³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰou⁵³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʰɤu⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰəu³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰəu²¹/ ~恨
/t͡ɕʰiəu²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʰəu³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʰəɯ²⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʰɯ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəu¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰəu¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zɤ²³/
Suzhou /zɤ¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zei²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑɤu³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiu⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu¹³/
Xiangtan /ɖ͡ʐəɯ¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɨu²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /su¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʃu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐu²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐu²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐu²¹/
/t͡sʰɐu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siu³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sieu⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰiu²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰiu⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /siu³¹/
/sɔu³¹/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana かたき, romaji kataki)

  1. Alternative form of


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cừu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.