See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
可-bw.png
Stroke order
可-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 一弓口 (MNR), four-corner 10620, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 172, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3245
  • Dae Jaweon: page 383, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 567, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+53EF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
可-oracle.svg 可-bronze.svg 可-silk.svg 可-bigseal.svg 可-seal.svg

Ideogram (指事) – possibly Simplified from , eliminating 大 and using 可 for sound — compare from .

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰaːlʔ): semantic  + phonetic  ‎(OC *kʰluːʔ)

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (29)
Final: (94)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: kě
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰaX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/ /kʰɑX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khaX › /*[k]ʰˤa[j]ʔ/ may; acceptable

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
7446 1 /*kʰaːlʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. can, may, be able to
  2. Particle used for emphasis.
    • 知道  ―  bù tài zhīdào.  ―  I don't really know.
  3. to approve, to permit
  4. to suit
    • 可心 (kěxīn, “satisfying”)
  5. to be worth doing
  6. Prefix attached to verbs, expressing possibility and turning them into adjectives. Similar to the English suffix -able.
      ―  chī  ―  edible
    /   ―  ài  ―  lovely
    /   ―  lián  ―  pitiful
  7. Abbreviation of 可是 (kěshì, “but”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji ka)

  1. passable

See alsoEdit

SuffixEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. permitted, allowed, licensed

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ga, geuk) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ka, kŭk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khả, khá, tài)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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