See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Han characterEdit

(radical 4 丿+4, 5 strokes, cangjie input 竹火木 (HFD), four-corner 20409)

  1. interrogative or exclamatory final particle

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 82, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 131
  • Dae Jaweon: page 166, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 36, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4E4E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xu⁵⁵/
Harbin /xu⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xu²¹/
Jinan /xu⁴²/
Qingdao /xu²¹³/
Zhengzhou /xu²⁴/
Xi'an /xu²¹/
Xining /xv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xu³¹/
Ürümqi /xu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xu³¹/
/fu³¹/
Guiyang /fu⁵⁵/
Kunming /xu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xu³¹/
Hefei /xu²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xu¹¹/
Pingyao /xu¹³/
Hohhot /xu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /hu⁵³/
/ɦu²³/
Suzhou /ɦəu¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦu²¹³/
Wenzhou /vu³¹/
Hui Shexian /xu³¹/
Tunxi /xu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /fu¹³/
Xiangtan /ɸu³³/
Gan Nanchang /fu⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /fu¹¹/
Taoyuan /fu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fu²¹/
Nanning /fu⁵⁵/
/wu²¹/
Hong Kong /fu²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hɔ³⁵/
/hɔ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (33)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦuo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦuo/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣo/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦɔ/
Li
Rong
/ɣo/
Wang
Li
/ɣu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣuo/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ hu › ‹ hu ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢˤa/ /*ɢˤa/
English (Q particle) in, at

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5189
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢaː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ho)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: ho, McCune-Reischauer: ho, Yale: ho)
  • Name (hangeul): 어조사 (revised: eojosa, McCune-Reischauer: ǒjosa)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hồ)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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