See also:
U+96D6, 雖
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96D6

[U+96D5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96D7]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 172, +9, 17 strokes, cangjie input 口戈人土 (RIOG), four-corner 60114, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1368, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42104
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1872, character 39
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4103, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+96D6

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Qin slip script Small seal script
     

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sqʰʷi): semantic + phonetic (OC *ɢʷi, *ɢʷiʔ).

Originally meaning "a lizard-like reptile", the character has been phonetically borrowed to represent the sense "although".

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𨿽
𧈧
𨾡

Jacques (2019) proposes this to be (OC *ɢʷi, “to be”) with a converbial *s- prefix, literally "while being".

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • xu1 - vernacular;
  • sui1 - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /suei⁵⁵/
    Harbin /suei²⁴/
    Tianjin /suei⁴⁵/
    Jinan /suei²¹³/
    Qingdao /sue²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /suei²⁴/
    Xi'an /suei²¹/
    Xining /suɨ⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /suei⁵³/
    Lanzhou /suei³¹/
    Ürümqi /suei⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sei⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕy⁵⁵/
    /suei⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ɕi⁵⁵/
    Kunming /suei⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /suəi³¹/
    Hefei /se²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /suei¹¹/
    Pingyao /suei¹³/
    Hohhot /suei³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /sø⁵³/
    Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩ʷei³³/
    Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
    Hui Shexian /ɕye⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /se¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /sei³³/
    Xiangtan /səi³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sui⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sui⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sui²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /søy⁵³/
    Nanning /ɬui⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /søy⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sui⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰuoi⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sy⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sui³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /tui²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (16)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siuɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sʷi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjuɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swi/
    Li
    Rong
    /sui/
    Wang
    Li
    /swi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /swi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    suī
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    suī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ swij ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-qʷij/
    English although; even if

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12844
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sqʰʷi/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. although; even if; despite
      麻雀五臟俱全 [MSC, trad.]
      麻雀五脏俱全 [MSC, simp.]
      máquè suī xiǎo, wǔzàng jùquán [Pinyin]
      A sparrow may be small, but it has all its vital organs. (proverb)
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    trad.
    simp.
    alternative forms 𧐌
    𨾡

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (16)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siuɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sʷi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjuɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swi/
    Li
    Rong
    /sui/
    Wang
    Li
    /swi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /swi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    suī
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 12844
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sqʰʷi/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. lizard-like reptile

    Etymology 3Edit

    trad.
    simp.

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “related to 推?”)

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (16)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /siuɪ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /sʷi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sjuɪ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /swi/
    Li
    Rong
    /sui/
    Wang
    Li
    /swi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /swi/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    suī

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to push

    Etymology 4Edit

    trad.
    simp.

    From Min Nan (soe, unlucky).

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (chiefly Taiwan, slang) Alternative form of (shuāi, “unlucky; unimpressive”).
      /   ―  Tài suī le!  ―  So unlucky! / So boring!

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 비록 (birok su))

    1. Hanja form? of (although).

    Etymology 2Edit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 벌레 이름 (beolle ireum su))

    1. Hanja form? of (The name of a bug).

    Etymology 3Edit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 짐승 이름 (jimseung ireum yu))

    1. Hanja form? of (The name of a beast).

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tuy)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.