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See also: 份子

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ChineseEdit

 
to divide; minute; (a measure word); (a unit of leng
 
child; son; (noun suff.); small thing; midnight; 11 pm ‑ 1 am; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch
simp. and trad.
(分子)
variant forms 份子 Pronunciation 2
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
分子 (Written Standard Chinese?)
分子 (Cantonese)

EtymologyEdit

“molecular; numerator”
Wasei kango (和製漢語), orthographically borrowed from Japanese  (ぶん) () (bunshi, molecule, numerator), which was in turn a semantic readaptation of Chinese 分子 (fēnzǐ, “element”).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
Initial () (1) (13)
Final () (59) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pɨun/ /t͡sɨX/
Pan
Wuyun
/piun/ /t͡sɨX/
Shao
Rongfen
/piuən/ /t͡sieX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pun/ /t͡sɨX/
Li
Rong
/piuən/ /t͡siəX/
Wang
Li
/pĭuən/ /t͡sĭəX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯uən/ /t͡siX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
fēn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
fēn
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjun › ‹ tsiX ›
Old
Chinese
/*pə[n]/ /*tsəʔ/
English divide child; gentleman, master

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/1
No. 3148 17857
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pɯn/ /*ʔslɯʔ/

NounEdit

分子

  1. side branch in a family tree
  2. component
  3. (chemistry) molecule
    極性分子 / 极性分子  ―  jíxìng fēnzǐ  ―  polar molecule
  4. (arithmetic) numerator

Derived termsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


NounEdit

分子

  1. (chiefly derogatory) member (of a class); element (of a group of people)
    不法分子  ―  bùfǎ fènzǐ  ―  offender

Derived termsEdit

Pronunciation 3Edit


NounEdit

分子

  1. Taiwan standard form of 份子 (fènzi).

JapaneseEdit

 分子 on Japanese Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
ぶん
Grade: 2

Grade: 1
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 分子 (pjun tsiX)

NounEdit

分子 (hiragana ぶんし, rōmaji bunshi)

  1. element (of a group)
  2. (arithmetic) numerator (of a fraction)
  3. (chemistry) molecule

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

分子 (bunja) (hangeul 분자)

  1. Hanja form? of 분자 (molecule; element; numerator).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

分子

  1. Hán tự form of phân tử, (“molecule”).
  2. Hán tự form of phần tử, (“element”).