U+71D5, 燕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-71D5

[U+71D4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71D6]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 廿中心火 (TLPF), four-corner 44331)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 683, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19429
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1095, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2239, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+71D5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qeːn, *qeːns
*qeːn, *qeːns
嬿 *qeːnʔ, *qeːns
*qeːns
*qeːns
*qeːns
*qeːns
*qeːns

Pictogram (象形) – a swallow.

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɛn/
Li
Rong
/ʔen/
Wang
Li
/ien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14440
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qeːn/

Proper nounEdit

  1. (historical) Yan, an ancient march, duchy, and kingdom of northeastern China during the Zhou dynasty
  2. (historical) Ji, its capital; Yanjing; other later cities in the same area, including Beijing
  3. (historical) the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • iàn - literary;
  • ìⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔenH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔenH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɛnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɛnH/
Li
Rong
/ʔenH/
Wang
Li
/ienH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔienH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔˤe[n]-s/
English swallow (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 14443
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qeːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. swallow (family Hirundinidae)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana つばくらめ, romaji tsubakurame)

  1. a swallow
    • c. 890: Taketori Monogatari (page 11)
      「[...] 石上の中納言には、燕(つばくらめ)の持たる子安のかい、ひとつ取りて賜へ」
    • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 7, page 29:
      是我邦所謂豆波久良米

NounEdit

‎(hiragana つばめ, katakana ツバメ, romaji tsubame)

  1. swallow, especially the barn swallow, Hirundo rustica
Wikispecies has information on:

Wikispecies

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana つばめ, romaji Tsubame)

  1. a place name, such as that of Tsubame City in Niigata Prefecture

ReferencesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune-Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(yến, én, yên, nhạn, hiên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.