See also:
U+71D5, 燕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-71D5

[U+71D4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71D6]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 86, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 廿中心火 (TLPF), four-corner 44331, composition廿)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 683, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19429
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1095, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2239, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+71D5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Pictogram (象形) – a swallow.

Etymology 1Edit

Possibly related to (OC *qriːd, *qrid) (Wang, 1982). Some have connected it with (OC *qiːns, “to swallow”), but it is unlikely to be related (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ìⁿ - vernacular;
  • iàn - literary.
Note:
  • in3 - vernacular;
  • iang3/iêng3 - literary (iêng3 - Chaozhou).
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔenH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔenH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔenH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔˁe[n]-s/
    English swallow (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14443
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qeːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. swallow (family Hirundinidae) or swift (family Apodidae)
    SynoynmsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Tai: *ʔeːnᴮ

    Etymology 2Edit

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    PronunciationEdit


    Note:
    • iang1 - Shantou;
    • iêng3 - Chaozhou.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔen/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔen/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɛn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɛn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔen/
    Wang
    Li
    /ien/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔien/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yān
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14440
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qeːn/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (historical) Yan, an ancient march, duchy, and kingdom of northeastern China during the Zhou dynasty
    2. (historical) Ji, its capital; Yanjing; other later cities in the same area, including Beijing
    3. (historical) the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms
    4. A surname​.

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔenH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔenH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔenH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔˁe[n]-s/
    English feast

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14443
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qeːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (yàn, “to feast”).

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. swallow

    ReadingsEdit

    Pronunciation 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つばくらめ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    • (Tokyo) ばくらめ [tsùbákúꜜràmè] (Nakadaka – [3])
    • (Tokyo) ばくら [tsùbákúráꜜmè] (Nakadaka – [4])
    • IPA(key): [t͡sɨᵝba̠kɯ̟ᵝɾa̠me̞]

    NounEdit

    (つばくらめ) (tsubakurame

    1. a swallow (bird)

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つばめ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
     ツバメ on Japanese Wikipedia
    Wikispecies has information on:

    Wikispecies

    NounEdit

    (つばめ) (tsubame

    1. a barn swallow
    Usage notesEdit

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ツバメ.

    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (つばめ) (Tsubame

    1. a place name, such as that of Tsubame City in Niigata Prefecture

    ReferencesEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune–Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (yến, én, yên, nhạn, hiên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.