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See also:
U+71D5, 燕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-71D5

[U+71D4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71D6]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 86, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 廿中心火 (TLPF), four-corner 44331, composition廿)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 683, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19429
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1095, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2239, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+71D5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qeːn, *qeːns
*qeːn, *qeːns
嬿 *qeːnʔ, *qeːns
*qeːns
*qeːns
*qeːns
*qeːns
*qeːns

Pictogram (象形) – a swallow.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • in3 - vernacular;
  • iang3 (Shantou)/iêng3 (Chaozhou) - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (34)
Final () (85)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔen/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔen/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɛn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔɛn/
Li
Rong
/ʔen/
Wang
Li
/ien/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔien/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 14440
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qeːn/

Proper nounEdit

  1. (historical) Yan, an ancient march, duchy, and kingdom of northeastern China during the Zhou dynasty
  2. (historical) Ji, its capital; Yanjing; other later cities in the same area, including Beijing
  3. (historical) the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit


Note:
  • ìⁿ - vernacular;
  • iàn - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔenH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔenH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔenH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔˁe[n]-s/
    English swallow (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14443
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qeːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. swallow (family Hirundinidae)

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. swallow

    ReadingsEdit

    • Go-on: えん (en)
    • Kan-on: えん (en)
    • Kun: つばめ (tsubame, )

    Pronunciation 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つばくらめ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    • (Tokyo) ばくらめ [tsùbákúꜜràmè] (Nakadaka – [3])
    • (Tokyo) ばくら [tsùbákúráꜜmè] (Nakadaka – [4])
    • IPA(key): [t͡sɨᵝba̠kɯ̟ᵝɾa̠me̞]

    NounEdit

    (hiragana つばくらめ, rōmaji tsubakurame)

    1. a swallow (bird)
      • c. 890: Taketori Monogatari (page 11)
        「[...] 石上の中納言には、燕(つばくらめ)の持たる子安のかい、ひとつ取りて賜へ」
      • 931938, Wamyō Ruijushō, book 7, page 29:
        是我邦所謂豆波久良米

    Pronunciation 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    つばめ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
     ツバメ on Japanese Wikipedia
    Wikispecies has information on:

    Wikispecies

    NounEdit

    (hiragana つばめ, katakana ツバメ, rōmaji tsubame)

    1. a barn swallow
    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana つばめ, rōmaji Tsubame)

    1. a place name, such as that of Tsubame City in Niigata Prefecture

    ReferencesEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune–Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (yến, én, yên, nhạn, hiên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.