The pronunciations in different Chinese varieties originate from a variety of languages:
Variety Pronunciation Donor language and word Mandarin kāfēi French café (“coffee”) Cantonese gaa3 fe1 Taishanese ga1 fie2 Dungan kofi͡ə Russian ко́фе (kófe, “coffee”) Hokkien ko-pi, ko-phi Malay kopi (“coffee”) Teochew go1 bi5, gu1 bi5 Philippine Hokkien ka-pé Tagalog kape (“coffee”) Wu kha fi (T1) English coffee
Other pronunciations, such as Taiwanese Hokkien ka-pi, Taiwanese Hakka kâ-pî, Teochew gia1 hui1 and Min Dong gă-pĭ, are likely literal pronunciations of the individual characters, inferred using the youbian dubian (有邊讀邊) method.
- coffee (Classifier: 杯)
- 煮咖啡 ― zhǔ kāfēi ― to make coffee
- 濃咖啡 / 浓咖啡 ― nóng kāfēi ― strong coffee
- 現磨咖啡 / 现磨咖啡 ― xiànmó kāfēi ― freshly ground coffee
- 特色咖啡 ― tèsè kāfēi ― specialty coffee
- 阿拉伯咖啡 ― Ālābó kāfēi ― Arabian coffee
Just like the English term coffee, 咖啡 can refer to coffee generically, as well as coffee beans, ground coffee, coffee powder or a cup of coffee specifically. See the derived terms listed below for these specific terms.
- → Zhuang: gahfeih
|Hán tự in this term|