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U+80FD, 能
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80FD

[U+80FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80FE]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 130 +6, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈月心心 (IBPP), four-corner 21211, composition匕)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 981, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29454
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1433, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2074, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+80FD

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*n̥ʰɯːs
*nɯː, *nɯːs, *nɯːŋ, *nɯːŋʔ
*nɯːs
*nɯːs

Pictogram (象形): bear. Compare (OC *ɢʷlɯm, “bear”).

EtymologyEdit

“Be able to; can; ability”. Shijing rhymes point to Old Chinese *, but the forms with * are also archaic (perhaps ancient dialectal variation?).

Possibly Sino–Tibetan: compare Tibetan ནུས (nus, be able to; capable; to withstand; capacity; strength; force; power; function; energy), Burmese နိုင် (nuing, can, be able to, may; master; win; prevail). Schuessler (2007) also derives (OC *n̥ʰɯːs, “apparition, bearing, manner”) from this.

Compare the old Sino–Vietnamese loanword nổi (be able to; capable).

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /nəŋ³⁵/
Harbin /nəŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /nəŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /nəŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /nəŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /nəŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /nəŋ²⁴/
Xining /nə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /nəŋ⁴⁴/ 打~~
/nəŋ⁵³/ ~幹
Lanzhou /lə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /nɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nən²¹³/
Chengdu /nən³¹/
Guiyang /nen²¹/
Kunming /nə̃³¹/
Nanjing /lən²⁴/
Hefei /lən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /nəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /nəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /nə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /nəŋ²³/
Suzhou /nən¹³/
Hangzhou /nen²¹³/
Wenzhou /naŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /lʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lɛ⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /lən¹³/
Xiangtan /nən¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lɛn⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /nen¹¹/
Taoyuan /nen¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /nɐŋ²¹/
Nanning /nɐŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /nɐŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liŋ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /naiŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /leŋ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /neŋ³¹/
/nɔŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (8) (8) (8) (8)
Final () (41) (129) (129) (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () I I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nʌi/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋX/ /nʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nəi/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋX/ /nəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɒi/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋX/ /nɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nəj/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋX/ /nəjH/
Li
Rong
/nᴀi/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋX/ /nᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/nɒi/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋX/ /nɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ̆i/ /nəŋ/ /nəŋX/ /nɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nái néng něng nài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
néng néng néng
Middle
Chinese
‹ noj › ‹ nong › ‹ nong ›
Old
Chinese
/*nˤə/ /*nˤə(ŋ)/ /*nˤə(ʔ)/ (~ *nˤəŋ)
English a kind of bear a kind of bear able; ability

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 9411 9413 9415 9416
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*nɯː/ /*nɯːs/ /*nɯːŋ/ /*nɯːŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. A mythological bear-like animal, with deer-like legs.
  2. able; capable
  3. can; to be able to; to be capable of
      ―  néng pǎo de kuài.  ―  I can run fast.
  4. may; could
  5. rather; would rather
  6. ability; capability
      ―  néng  ―  capability, ability
  7. talent; talented person
      ―  cáinéng  ―  talent, ability
  8. energy; power
  9. A surname​. Neng

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 4/4
Initial () (8)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/nəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nəjH/
Li
Rong
/nᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/nɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nài

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (nài, “to bear; to withstand”).
  2. A surname​.

Pronunciation 3Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (“name of a Chinese constellation”).
      ―  sāntái  ―  Santai (Chinese constellation)

Pronunciation 4Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (tài, “bearing; apparition; form; shape; status; position”).

Pronunciation 5Edit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (8)
Final () (41)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/nʌi/
Pan
Wuyun
/nəi/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɒi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/nəj/
Li
Rong
/nᴀi/
Wang
Li
/nɒi/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɑ̆i/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nái

DefinitionsEdit

  1. A three-legged soft-shelled turtle.

Pronunciation 6Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 能始 (“origin, root cause”).

Pronunciation 7Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (xióng, “bear”).

JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. ability
  2. talent
  3. skill
  4. capacity

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana のう, rōmaji )

  1. Noh, a form of classical Japanese musical drama.
  2. Ability, capacity, aptitude.
  3. Effect, use.
     (ふる) () (ろん) () (かえ)しても (のう)はないのだよ。
    Furui giron o kurikaeshite mo wa nai no da yo.
    Repeating old arguments isn't of any use / won't have any effect.

SynonymsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(neung, nae) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer nŭng, nae, Yale nung, nay)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(năng, hay, nấng, năn, nằng, nưng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.