Open main menu

Wiktionary β



big; great; huge; large; major; wide; deep; oldest; eldest; doctor
husband; man
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1Edit



  1. (colloquial) doctor
Dialectal synonyms of 醫生 (“doctor; physician”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 醫生醫師
Mandarin Beijing 大夫醫生
Taiwan 醫生大夫
Tianjin 大夫醫生
Jinan 大夫先生 TCM
Xi'an 大夫先生 TCM
Wuhan 醫生先生 TCM
Chengdu 醫生老師 TCM先生 TCM
Yangzhou 醫生先生 TCM郎中 TCM
Hefei 醫生先生 TCM郎中 TCM
Cantonese Guangzhou 醫生先生 TCM
Hong Kong 醫生醫師 TCM
Taishan 醫生
Yangjiang 醫生先生
Kuala Lumpur 醫生
Gan Nanchang 醫師郎中
Hakka Meixian 醫生先生
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 先生醫生醫師
Liudui (S. Sixian) 先生醫生醫師
Hsinchu (Hailu) 先生醫生醫師
Dongshi (Dabu) 先生醫生醫師
Zhuolan (Raoping) 先生醫生醫師
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 先生醫生
Senai 醫生
Jin Taiyuan 大夫先生 TCM
Min Bei Jian'ou 醫生先生 TCM
Min Dong Fuzhou 醫生先生 TCM
Min Nan Xiamen 醫生先生
Quanzhou 醫生先生
Zhangzhou 醫生先生
Taipei 醫生先生
Kaohsiung 醫生先生
Tainan 醫生先生
Taichung 醫生先生
Hsinchu 醫生先生
Lukang 醫生先生
Sanxia 醫生先生
Yilan 醫生先生
Kinmen 先生
Magong 醫生先生
Penang 醫生老君
Singapore 醫生老君
Philippines (Manila) 醫生
Chaozhou 醫生先生 TCM
Johor Bahru 老君
Wu Shanghai 醫生郎中 TCM
Suzhou 醫生郎中先生 TCM
Wenzhou 醫生先生 TCM
Xiang Changsha 醫生醫師 TCM郎中 TCM先生 TCM
Shuangfeng 醫師郎中 TCM
Note TCM: doctor practising traditional Chinese medicine
Derived termsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



  1. (historical) A governmental job title used during the Spring and Autumn period, the Warring States period and the early Chinese dynasties, whose responsibilities encompassed managing royal and court affairs.
Derived termsEdit
Sino-Xenic (大夫):
  • Japanese:  (たい) () (taifu)
  • Korean: 대부 (大夫, daebu)

Proper nounEdit


  1. A surname​.


Kanji in this term
Grade: 1

Grade: 4

Etymology 1Edit

from Chinese 大夫 ("great" + "man"). Also written as 太夫.


大夫 (hiragana たいふ, rōmaji taifu)

  1. (historical) an office in Zhou Dynasty, China.
  2. (historical, in Japan) substitutive style of high ranked courtier, particularly officers in the 5th rank (五位).
  3. (historical, in Japan, also daibu) head of shoku() or (), administrative departments of the imperial court.
  4. (historical) karō (家老)
  5. pine tree (based in an episode Qin Shi Huangdi or the First Emperor of Qin granted a pine tree the dignity of Taifu [1.])
  6. style of Shinto shrine headmaster.

Etymology 2Edit

from taifu (see above)


大夫 (hiragana たゆう, rōmaji tayū)

  1. (in Noh-theater) iemoto or the head master of shite (シテ) acting family.
  2. (in jōruri/bunraku-theater) style of narrators and shamisen players.
  3. (historical, in Edo period) highest ranked prostitutes at the officially approved prostitution areas, such as, Yoshiwara.
  4. leading actor in a manzai pair
  5. style of Shinto shrine headmaster