See also:
U+592E, 央
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-592E

[U+592D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+592F]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 37, +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 中月大 (LBK), four-corner 50030, composition or 𠀃)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 249, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5840
  • Dae Jaweon: page 508, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 524, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+592E

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意): (man) + (pole) - a man carrying a pole with its middle on his shoulder.

Etymology edit

(OC ʔa) plus terminative suffix *, hence literally "to get to be in the middle" (Schuessler, 2007). See (OC ʔa) for further etymology.

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note:
  • yông - literary;
  • ông - vernacular (limited, e.g. 中央).
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • iong - literary;
    • iang - literary (all sense in Zhangzhou, “to beg” in Xiamen and mainstream Taiwanese);
    • ng - vernacular (limited, e.g. 中央).

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /iaŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /iɑŋ²¹/
    Jinan /iaŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /iaŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /iaŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /iaŋ²¹/
    Xining /iɔ̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /iɑ̃³¹/
    Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /iaŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /iaŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /iaŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /iã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /iaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /iɑ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /iɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /iɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /iã⁵³/
    Suzhou /iã⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔiɑŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /j̠i³³/
    Hui Shexian /ia³¹/
    Tunxi /iau¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ian³³/
    Xiangtan /ian³³/
    Gan Nanchang /iɔŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /ioŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /oŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /jœŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /jœŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /iɔŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yoŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔŋ⁵⁴/
    /ɔŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /iaŋ³³/
    /ŋ³³/
    Haikou (Hainanese) /iaŋ²³/
    /o²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (105)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter 'jang
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔɨɐŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔiɐŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɨaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔiaŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ĭaŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔi̯aŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yāng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    joeng1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yāng yāng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjang › ‹ ʔjang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔaŋ/ /*ʔaŋ/
    English end (v.) center (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14488
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qaŋ/

    Definitions edit

    1. center; middle
    2. to end; to finish
    3. to beg; to plead; to implore
    4. (alt. form ) calamity; disaster
    5. a surname

    Pronunciation 2 edit



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /iaŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /iɑŋ²¹/
    Jinan /iaŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /iaŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /iaŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /iaŋ²¹/
    Xining /iɔ̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /iɑ̃³¹/
    Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /iaŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /iaŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /iaŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /iã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /iaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /iɑ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /iɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /iɑ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /iã⁵³/
    Suzhou /iã⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔiɑŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /j̠i³³/
    Hui Shexian /ia³¹/
    Tunxi /iau¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ian³³/
    Xiangtan /ian³³/
    Gan Nanchang /iɔŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /ioŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /oŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /jœŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /jœŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /iɔŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /yoŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔŋ⁵⁴/
    /ɔŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /iaŋ³³/
    /ŋ³³/
    Haikou (Hainanese) /iaŋ²³/
    /o²³/

    Definitions edit

    1. Only used in 央央.

    Compounds edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    Readings edit

    Etymology edit

    Kanji in this term
    おう
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    From Middle Chinese (MC 'jang).

    Pronunciation edit

    Affix edit

    (おう) (ōあう (au)?

    1. centre, middle
    2. (US) Short for 央州 (Oregon (a state of the United States)).

    Derived terms edit

    Proper noun edit

    (あたる) (Ataru

    1. a male given name

    (おう) (Ō

    1. a male given name

    (とおる) (Tōru

    1. a male given name

    (なかば) (Nakaba

    1. a male given name

    (ひさし) (Hisashi

    1. a male given name

    (ひろし) (Hiroshi

    1. a male given name

    (よう) (

    1. a male given name

    Korean edit

    Hanja edit

    (ang) (hangeul , revised ang, McCune–Reischauer ang)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ương, trân

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.