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female; woman; daughter
really and truly; aim; clear; (possessive, modifying, or descriptive particle); of
simp. and trad.




  1. woman; adult female

Usage notesEdit

  • When referring to an adult female in a neutral sense, 婦女妇女 (fùnǚ) and 女的 are often preferred to the synonym 女人 (nǚrén) which can carry potentially offensive connotations of a female of low social standing or worth (similar to woman and lady in English).


Dialectal synonyms of 女人 (“woman”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 女子
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 女子女士女人女生女性婦女婦人
Mandarin Beijing 女的娘們兒
Taiwan 女生
Jinan 女人女的娘們兒
Xi'an 女人女的
Wuhan 女的女將姑娘婆婆
Chengdu 女的女人婆娘
Yangzhou 女人家
Hefei 女的奶奶們
Cantonese Guangzhou 女人婆乸
Hong Kong 女人婆乸
Yangjiang 妹仔夫娘
Gan Nanchang 女人女個
Hakka Meixian 女個婦人家
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 細妹人婦人家餔娘人
Liudui (S. Sixian) 細妹人婦人家
Hsinchu (Hailu) 細妹人婦人家餔娘人
Dongshi (Dabu) 細妹人婦人家
Zhuolan (Raoping) 細妹人婦人家餔娘人
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 妹子人夫娘人
Jin Taiyuan 女人女的
Min Bei Jian'ou 阿娘人婦女人
Min Dong Fuzhou 諸娘人女界
Min Nan Xiamen 查某查某人婦人人姿娘 dated姿娘人 dated
Quanzhou 查某查某人婦人人姿娘 dated姿娘人 dated
Zhangzhou 查某查某人婦人人姿娘 dated姿娘人 dated
Taipei 查某查某人婦人人
Philippines (Manila) 查某查某人
Chaozhou 姿娘
Wu Suzhou 女人
Wenzhou 女嘅老人客
Xiang Changsha 女的女人家堂客堂客們
Shuangfeng 女人家堂客們


See alsoEdit