See also:
U+55CE, 嗎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-55CE

[U+55CD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+55CF]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口尸手火 (RSQF), four-corner 61027, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 202, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4065
  • Dae Jaweon: page 425, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 664, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+55CE

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (mouth; colloquial) + phonetic .

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

From (OC *ma, “not”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Final interrogative particle, forming yes/no questions.
    喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Nǐ xǐhuān ma?  ―  Do you like it?
    / [Cantonese]  ―  Nei5 hou2 maa3? [Jyutping]  ―  How are you?

Usage notesEdit

The particle allows turning an affirmative sentence into an interrogative sentence without modifying the sentence order.

喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Tā xǐhuān.  ―  He likes it.
喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Tā xǐhuān ma?  ―  Does he like it?

See alsoEdit

  • (Wu) 𠲎
  • Question particle: (ne) (reciprocal questions).

Etymology 2Edit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used as a phonetic character.
    /   ―  fēi  ―  morphine
    /   ―    ―  manna
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Mandarin, colloquial) what
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to chide; to blame; to curse; to swear; etc.”).
(This character, , is recorded in one or more historical dictionaries as a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ma) (hangeul )

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mửa, ma, mớ, mạ, mắng, mỉa, mứa, mựa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.