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See also:
U+55CE, 嗎
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-55CE

[U+55CD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+55CF]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 口尸手火 (RSQF), four-corner 61027, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 202, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4065
  • Dae Jaweon: page 425, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 664, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+55CE

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (mouth; colloquial) + phonetic .

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

From (OC *ma, “not”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Final interrogative particle, forming yes/no questions.
    喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Nǐ xǐhuān ma?  ―  Do you like it?

Usage notesEdit

The particle allows turning an affirmative sentence into an interrogative sentence without modifying the sentence order.

喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Tā xǐhuān.  ―  He likes it.
喜歡 / 喜欢  ―  Tā xǐhuān ma?  ―  Does he like it?

See alsoEdit

  • (Wu) 𠲎
  • Question particle: (ne) (reciprocal questions).

Etymology 2Edit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used as a phonetic character.
    /   ―  fēi  ―  morphine
    /   ―    ―  manna
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

trad.
simp.
variant forms

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Mandarin, colloquial) what
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 什麼 (“what”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 什麼
Mandarin Beijing 什麼, 嗎兒
Taiwan 什麼
Tianjin
Harbin
Shenyang 什麼,
Jinan 麼兒, , 什麼
Muping , 麼個
Luoyang
Wanrong
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou , 啥子
Yinchuan
Ürümqi
Wuhan 麼事
Chengdu , 啥子
Guiyang 哪樣
Liuzhou 什嗎
Kunming 什麼
Nanjing 什麼
Hefei 哄個
Nantong 甚呢
Cantonese Guangzhou , 乜嘢, 乜嘢嘢, , 咩嘢
Hong Kong , 乜嘢, 乜嘢嘢, , 咩嘢
Taishan
Dongguan , 乜嘢
Yangjiang , 乜嘢
Gan Nanchang 什哩
Lichuan 什仔
Pingxiang 咋個
Hakka Meixian 麼個
Xingning 麼個
Huidong (Daling) 麼個
Qujiang 麼個
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 麼個
Changting 麼個
Pingyu 麼個
Wuping 麼個
Liancheng 麼個
Yudu 子個
Ruijin , 唔幾
Shicheng 什麼
Shangyou 哪個, 哪項, 個哪
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 麼個
Liudui (S. Sixian) 麼個
Hsinchu (Hailu) 麼個
Dongshi (Dabu) 麼個
Hsinchu (Raoping) 麼個
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 麼個
Huizhou Jixi 麼仂
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou 孰事, 孰麼
Min Dong Fuzhou 什乇, 什名, 什乇名, 面乇名
Matsu 什乇
Min Nan Xiamen 什物, 啥物, 啥貨
Quanzhou 什物, 啥物,
Zhangzhou 哪貨仔, 哪貨, 哪仔, 哪物仔, 哪物, 什物, 啥物, 啥貨
Taipei 啥貨, 啥物,
Kaohsiung , 啥貨, 啥物
Tainan 啥物, 啥貨
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang 啥物, 啥貨
Sanxia
Yilan 啥貨
Kinmen 啥貨, 啥物, 物代
Magong 啥貨, 物代
Penang 何物
Singapore 什物
Philippines (Manila) 啥物
Medan 何物
Chaozhou 乜個,
Haikou , 個乜
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning , 哪門
Wu Shanghai , 啥個
Suzhou
Hangzhou
Wenzhou 何呢
Chongming
Danyang 點高
Jinhua ,
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 麼子
Shuangfeng 麼子
Loudi 麼子

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to chide; to blame; to curse; to swear”).
(This character, , is recorded in one or more historical dictionaries as a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ma) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(mửa, ma, mớ, mạ, mắng, mỉa, mứa, mựa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.