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ChineseEdit

female; woman; daughter sex; nature; suffix corresponding to ‑ness or ‑ity
simp. and trad.
(女性)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

女性

  1. (often attributive) female sex; female
  2. woman

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
じょ
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Spelling repurposed from nyoshō below during the Meiji period (1868–1912), using the relatively newer kan'on readings of the characters.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

女性 (hiragana じょせい, rōmaji josei, historical hiragana ぢよせい)

  1. a woman (adult female person)
    • 1993 December 15 [Mar 25 1990], Sasaki, Noriko, どうぶつのおしゃさん [The Veterinarian], volume 3 (fiction), 36th edition, Tokyo: Hakusensha, →ISBN, page 19:
       (とし) (ごろ) (じょ) (せい) () (ぶん) (ちょう)なんか ()ていていいのだろうか
      Toshigoro no josei ga jibun no chō nan ka mite ite ii no darō ka
      Is it okay for a woman of marriageable age to stare at her own guts?
    • 1999 August 26, “たんじょうてん使 [Angel of Birth]”, in BOOSTER 4, Konami:
       (じょ) (せい)のおなかに (いのち)宿 (やど)った (こと) ()らせてくれると ()われている。
      Josei no onaka ni inochi ga yadotta koto o shirasete kureru to iwarete iru.
      Legend has it that it can tell you when a woman gets with child.
    • 2000 January 27, “アルラウネ [Alraune]”, in Vol.7, Konami:
       (はな) (なか) (じょ) (せい) (どく) () (ふん)をまき ()らす。 (ちか)づいてはいけない。
      Hana no naka no josei ga doku kafun o makichirasu. Chikazuite wa ikenai.
      A flower-dwelling woman who spreads poisonous pollen. Never get anywhere near her.
  2. (biology, grammar) the feminine gender

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
にょ
Grade: 1
しょう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Borrowed from Middle Chinese 女性 (MC ɳɨʌX siᴇŋH, “woman; female + character; gender”). The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.[1]

Largely superseded in everyday Japanese by josei above.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

女性 (hiragana にょしょう, rōmaji nyoshō, historical hiragana によしやう)

  1. (rare, dated) a woman
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

女性 (yeoseong) (hangeul 여성)

  1. Hanja form? of 여성 (woman).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

AdjectiveEdit

女性

  1. Hán tự form of nữ tính (feminine).