Chinese

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female; woman; daughter sex; nature; suffix corresponding to ‑ness or ‑ity
trad. (女性)
simp. #(女性)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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女性

  1. (often attributive) the female sex; female
    女性衛生用品女性卫生用品  ―  nǚxìng wèishēng yòngpǐn  ―  feminine hygiene products
  2. woman; female
    月經期女性月经期女性  ―  yuèjīngqī nǚxìng  ―  menstruating women

Antonyms

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Derived terms

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See also

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Japanese

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
じょ
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Spelling repurposed from nyoshō below during the Meiji period (1868–1912), using the relatively newer kan'on readings of the characters.[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(じょ)(せい) (joseiぢよせい (dyosei)? (counter )

  1. a woman (adult female person)
    • 1993 December 15 [1990 March 25], Sasaki, Noriko, (どう)(ぶつ)のお()(しゃ)さん ((どう)(ぶつ)のお()(しゃ)さん) [The Veterinarian], 36th edition, volume 3 (fiction), Tokyo: Hakusensha, →ISBN, page 19:
      (とし)(ごろ)(じょ)(せい)()(ぶん)(ちょう)なんか()ていていいのだろうか
      Toshigoro no josei ga jibun no chō nan ka mite ite ii no darō ka
      Is it okay for a woman of marriageable age to stare at her own guts?
    • 1999 August 26, “(たん)(じょう)(てん)使() [Angel of Birth]”, in BOOSTER 4, Konami:
      (じょ)(せい)のおなかに(いのち)宿(やど)った(こと)()らせてくれると()われている。
      Josei no onaka ni inochi ga yadotta koto o shirasete kureru to iwarete iru.
      Legend has it that it can tell you when a woman gets with child.
    • 2000 January 27, “アルラウネ [Alraune]”, in Vol.7, Konami:
      (はな)(なか)(じょ)(せい)(どく)()(ふん)をまき()らす。(ちか)づいてはいけない。
      Hana no naka no josei ga doku kafun o makichirasu. Chikazuite wa ikenai.
      A flower-dwelling woman who spreads poisonous pollen. Never get anywhere near her.
    • 2015 March 10 [2014 December 10], Yūji Shiozaki, “第百五拾参話 [Chapter 153]”, in 一騎当千 [One vs. Thousands], 2nd edition, volume 23 (fiction), Tokyo: Wani Books:
      これ(こう)(ふく)()学園処分する理由出来まし 多勢一人女性暴行した重くその償い
      Kore de Kōfukuji Gakuen o shobun suru riyū ga dekimashita Tazei de hitori no josei o bōkō shita tsumi wa omoku… Sono tsugunai wa shi
      I now have a justification to dispose of Kōfukuji Academy. Ganging up on a lone woman, that shall not go unpunished… And the punishment is death.
  2. (biology, grammar) the feminine gender
Synonyms
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Antonyms
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Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
にょ
Grade: 1
しょう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Borrowed from Middle Chinese 女性 (MC nrjoX sjengH, “woman; female + character; gender”). The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.[1]

Largely superseded in everyday Japanese by josei above.[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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(にょ)(しょう) (nyoshōによしやう (nyosyau)?

  1. (rare, dated) a woman
Synonyms
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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Shōgaku Tosho (1988) 国語大辞典(新装版) [Unabridged Dictionary of Japanese (Revised Edition)] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 [Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten] (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

Korean

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Hanja in this term

Noun

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女性 (yeoseong) (hangeul 여성)

  1. Hanja form? of 여성 (woman).

Vietnamese

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chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Adjective

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女性

  1. chữ Hán form of nữ tính (feminine).