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ChineseEdit

female; woman; daughter sex; nature; suffix corresponding to ‑ness or ‑ity
simp. and trad.
(女性)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

女性

  1. (often attributive) female sex; female
  2. woman

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
じょ
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Spelling repurposed from nyoshō below during the Meiji period (1868–1912), using the relatively newer kan'on readings of the characters.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

女性 (hiragana じょせい, rōmaji josei, historical hiragana ぢよせい)

  1. a woman (adult female person)
    • 1993 December 15 [Mar 25 1990], Sasaki, Noriko, どうぶつのおしゃさん [The Veterinarian], volume 3 (fiction), 36th edition, Tokyo: Hakusensha, →ISBN, page 19:
       (とし) (ごろ) (じょ) (せい) () (ぶん) (ちょう)なんか ()ていていいのだろうか
      Toshigoro no josei ga jibun no chō nan ka mite ite ii no darō ka
      Is it okay for a woman of marriageable age to stare at her own guts?
    • 1999 August 26, “たんじょうてん使 [Angel of Birth]”, in BOOSTER 4, Konami:
       (じょ) (せい)のおなかに (いのち)宿 (やど)った (こと) ()らせてくれると ()われている。
      Josei no onaka ni inochi ga yadotta koto o shirasete kureru to iwarete iru.
      Legend has it that it can tell you when a woman gets with child.
    • 2000 January 27, “アルラウネ [Alraune]”, in Vol.7, Konami:
       (はな) (なか) (じょ) (せい) (どく) () (ふん)をまき ()らす。 (ちか)づいてはいけない。
      Hana no naka no josei ga doku kafun o makichirasu. Chikazuite wa ikenai.
      A flower-dwelling woman who spreads poisonous pollen. Never get anywhere near her.
  2. (biology, grammar) the feminine gender

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
にょ
Grade: 1
しょう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

Borrowed from Middle Chinese 女性 (MC ɳɨʌX siᴇŋH, “woman; female + character; gender”). The goon, so likely the initial borrowing.[1]

Largely superseded in everyday Japanese by josei above.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

女性 (hiragana にょしょう, rōmaji nyoshō, historical hiragana によしやう)

  1. (rare, dated) a woman
SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

女性 (yeoseong) (hangeul 여성)

  1. Hanja form? of 여성 (woman).