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See also:
U+886B, 衫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-886B

[U+886A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+886C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 145, +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中竹竹竹 (LHHH), four-corner 32222, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1112, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1577, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3075, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+886B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sreːm
*sroːm, *slom
*sroːm
*priw, *piw, *sroːm
*sraːms
*l̥ʰun
*l'uːŋ
*l'uːŋ
*luŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sroːm): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sroːm, *slom).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • saⁿ - vernacular;
  • sam - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂan⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂan⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /san²¹/
    Jinan /ʂã²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʂã²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /ʂan²⁴/
    Xi'an /sã²¹/
    Xining /sã⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂan⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n³¹/
    Ürümqi /san⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /san⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /san⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /san⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʂã̠⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʂaŋ³¹/
    Hefei /ʂæ̃²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃¹¹/
    Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /sæ̃³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
    Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sẽ̞³³/
    Wenzhou /sa³³/
    Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
    Tunxi /sɔn²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /san³³/
    Xiangtan /san³³/
    Gan Nanchang /san⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sam⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sɑm²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /sam⁵⁵/
    Nanning /sam⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /sam⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sam⁵⁵/
    /sã⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /saŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /sã³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
    /ta²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (21)
    Final () (149)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʃˠam/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʃᵚam/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʃam/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʂaɨm/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʃam/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʃam/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʂam/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shān
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11044
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sroːm/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary or Wu) unlined garment
    2. (literary or Cantonese, Min) shirt; top (Classifier: c;  mn)
      [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gin6 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a shirt
    3. (literary or Cantonese, Hakka, Min, Pinghua) clothing; clothes
      [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 tou3 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a set of clothes

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 衣服 (“clothes”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese , 衣裳, 衣服
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 衣服
    Mandarin Beijing 衣裳, 衣服
    Taiwan 衣服, 衣裳
    Tianjin 衣裳, 衣服
    Harbin 衣服, 衣裳
    Shenyang 衣裳
    Jinan 衣裳, 衣服
    Muping 衣裳
    Luoyang 衣裳
    Wanrong 穿的
    Xi'an 衣裳
    Xining 衣裳
    Xuzhou 衣裳, 衣服
    Yinchuan 衣裳
    Lanzhou 衣裳
    Ürümqi 衣裳
    Wuhan 衣服, 衣裳
    Chengdu 衣裳, 衣服
    Guiyang 衣裳, 衣服
    Liuzhou 衣裳, 衣服
    Kunming 衣裳
    Yangzhou 衣裳
    Nanjing 衣裳, 衣服
    Hefei 衣裳
    Nantong 衣裳
    Cantonese Guangzhou 衫褲,
    Hong Kong 衫褲,
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 衣裳
    Taishan
    Dongguan 衫褲,
    Yangjiang 衫褲
    Gan Nanchang 衣裳
    Lichuan 衣裳
    Pingxiang 衣服
    Hakka Meixian 衫褲
    Xingning 衫褲
    Huidong (Daling) 衫褲
    Qujiang 衫褲
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 衫褲
    Changting 衫褲
    Pingyu 衫褲
    Wuping 衫褲
    Liancheng 衫褲
    Ninghua 衫褲
    Yudu 衫褲
    Ruijin 衫褲
    Shicheng 衫褲
    Shangyou 衫褲
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 衫褲
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 衫褲
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 衫褲
    Dongshi (Dabu) 衫褲
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 衫褲
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 衫褲
    Hong Kong 衫褲
    Huizhou Jixi 衣裳
    Jin Taiyuan 衣裳
    Xinzhou 衣裳
    Min Bei Jian'ou 衣裳
    Min Dong Fuzhou 衣裳
    Fuqing 衣裳, 衫褲
    Matsu 衣裳
    Min Nan Xiamen , 衫褲, 衫穿, 身穿
    Quanzhou , 衫褲, 身穿
    Zhangzhou , 衫褲, 身穿
    Taipei , 衫仔褲
    Kaohsiung , 衫仔褲
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Wuqi , 衫仔褲
    Hsinchu
    Taitung
    Lukang , 衫仔褲
    Sanxia
    Yilan , 衫仔褲
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore 衫褲
    Philippines (Manila) , 衫褲
    Chaozhou 衫褲
    Shantou 衫褲
    Haifeng 衫褲
    Haikou 衫褲
    Leizhou 衫褲
    Wu Shanghai 衣裳
    Suzhou 衣裳
    Hangzhou 衣裳
    Wenzhou 衣裳, 衣裳兒服
    Chongming 衣裳
    Danyang 衣裳, 衣衫
    Jinhua 衣裳
    Ningbo 衣裳, 衣衫
    Xiang Changsha 衣服, , 衣褲
    Shuangfeng 衣服, 衣褲
    Loudi 衣褲

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. thin cloth, especially thin silk [1]
    2. thin undergarment, thin underwear[1]
    3. a type of women's clothing, namely the upper part of a two-piece suit[1]

    ReadingsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Akiyasu Tōdō; et al, 漢字源, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (sam) (hangeul , revised sam, McCune–Reischauer sam, Yale sam)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (sam, oam, sờm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.