TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 145 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中竹竹竹 (LHHH), four-corner 32222)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1112, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1577, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3075, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+886B

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (衫), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 銜
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所銜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣam/ /ʂam/ /ʃam/ /ʃɯam/ /ʂaɨm/ /ʃam/ /ʃam/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11044 3 /*sroːm/

NounEdit

(classifier Cantonese: )

  1. shirt
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gin6 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a shirt
  2. clothing
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 tou3 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  two sets of clothes; two layers of clothes

Usage notesEdit

  • In Cantonese and Min Nan, can be used as a stand-alone noun.

See alsoEdit

  • (Mandarin) 上衣 (shàngyī, “shirt”)
  • (Mandarin) 衣服 (yīfú, “clothing”)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. thin cloth, especially thin silk [1]
  2. thin undergarment, thin underwear[1]
  3. a type of women's clothing, namely the upper part of a two-piece suit[1]

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Akiyasu Tōdō; et al, 漢字源, ISBN 978-4053008893

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sam) (hangeul , revised sam, McCune-Reischauer sam, Yale sam)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sam, oam, sờm)

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