See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 145 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中竹竹竹 (LHHH), four-corner 32222)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1112, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1577, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3075, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+886B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂan⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /san²¹/
Jinan /ʂã²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂan²⁴/
Xi'an /sã²¹/
Xining /sã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʂɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /san⁴⁴/
Wuhan /san⁵⁵/
Chengdu /san⁵⁵/
Guiyang /san⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂaŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʂæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /sæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /sɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /sæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /sẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /sa³³/
Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
Tunxi /sɔn²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /san³³/
Xiangtan /san³³/
Gan Nanchang /san⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /sam⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sɑm²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sam⁵⁵/
Nanning /sam⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /sam⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sam⁵⁵/
/sã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /saŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /saŋ²³/
/ta²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (21)
Final () (149)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʃɣam/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʃɯam/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃam/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʂaɨm/
Li
Rong
/ʃam/
Wang
Li
/ʃam/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʂam/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shān
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11044
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sroːm/

NounEdit

(classifier Cantonese: )

  1. shirt
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 gin6 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a shirt
  2. clothing
    [Cantonese]  ―  jat1 tou3 saam1 [Jyutping]  ―  a set of clothes

Usage notesEdit

  • In Cantonese, Min Nan and Hakka, can be used as a stand-alone noun.

See alsoEdit

  • (Mandarin) 上衣 (shàngyī, “shirt”)
  • (Mandarin) 衣服 (yīfú, “clothing”)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. thin cloth, especially thin silk [1]
  2. thin undergarment, thin underwear[1]
  3. a type of women's clothing, namely the upper part of a two-piece suit[1]

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Akiyasu Tōdō; et al, 漢字源, ISBN 978-4053008893

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sam) (hangeul , revised sam, McCune-Reischauer sam, Yale sam)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sam, oam, sờm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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