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ChineseEdit

paternal aunt mother; young lady
simp. and trad.
(姑娘)
variant forms 菇涼菇凉 slang

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gūniangr - “prostitute”;
  • gūniáng - “paternal aunt; sister-in-law”.
  • (Dungan)
    (Note: Dungan pronunciation is currently experimental and may be inaccurate.)
  • Cantonese
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Wu
  • NounEdit

    姑娘

    1. girl; maiden
    2. (Mandarin, Gan, Jin, colloquial) daughter
    3. (Jilu Mandarin, Central Plains Mandarin, Jianghuai Mandarin, Southwestern Mandarin, Gan, Huizhou, Shaowu Min, Wu) paternal aunt (father's sister)
    4. (Jianghuai Mandarin, Yangjiang Cantonese, Wu) sister-in-law (husband's sister)
    5. (Southwestern Mandarin) wife
    6. (historical, obsolete) concubine
    7. (chiefly Cantonese, Min Nan, Christianity) nun or unmarried female preacher (often as a title)
    8. (Cantonese) female nurse, healthcare professional, social worker, etc.
    9. (colloquial, dialectal) female prostitute
    10. Alternative name for 菇蔫 (“bladder cherry”).

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 女兒 (“daughter”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 女兒
    Mandarin Beijing 女兒, 女花兒, 閨女, 姑娘, 丫頭
    Taiwan 女兒
    Tianjin 女兒, 閨女
    Harbin 女兒, 姑娘, 閨女, 閨娘, 丫頭
    Shenyang 姑娘, 丫頭
    Hailar 女兒
    Bayanhot 丫頭
    Jinan 閨女
    Muping 閨娘, 閨娘子, 女兒
    Wanrong 女子
    Xi'an , 女兒
    Qingdao 閨女
    Zhengzhou 閨女,
    Xining 姑娘, 丫頭
    Xuzhou 女兒, 閨女
    Yinchuan 女兒, 丫頭
    Lanzhou 女兒
    Ürümqi 女兒, 丫頭
    Wuhan 姑娘, 丫頭
    Huanggang 女兒
    Chengdu 女兒, , 姑娘兒
    Guiyang 姑娘, 女娃娃, 女娃兒, 幺女, 幺姑娘, 小丫頭, 小姑娘
    Guilin 女兒
    Liuzhou , 丫頭
    Kunming 囡兒, 姑娘
    Yangzhou 女兒, 姑娘
    Nanjing 女兒, 姑娘
    Hefei 女兒, 丫頭
    Nantong 丫頭
    Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 女兒, 姑娘兒
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong , 女女, 阿女
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) , 妹仔
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Ting Kok) 阿女
    Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau) 阿女
    Macau
    Panyu
    Huadu (Huashan)
    Conghua
    Zengcheng
    Foshan
    Nanhai (Shatou)
    Shunde
    Sanshui
    Gaoming (Mingcheng)
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Zhuhai (Qianshan)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha)
    Xinhui
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Enping (Niujiang)
    Heshan (Yayao)
    Dongguan
    Bao'an (Shajing)
    Dapeng 阿女
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang 桓仔
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Danzhou
    Kuala Lumpur
    Ho Chi Minh City
    Gan Nanchang , 姑娘
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang , 妹仔
    Hakka Meixian 妹仔
    Xingning 妹哩
    Huidong (Daling) 妹仔
    Qujiang 妹子
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 妹仔
    Luchuan
    Changting 妹子
    Pingyu 妹子
    Wuping 妹子
    Liancheng 妹子娘
    Ninghua
    Yudu , 女子
    Ruijin , 女子
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 妹仔, 妹子
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 妹仔, 妹子
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 妹仔, 妹子
    Dongshi (Dabu) , 妹子
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 妹仔, 妹子
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿女
    Hong Kong 妹子
    Sabah (Bao'an) 妹子
    Sabah (Longchuan) 妹哩
    Senai 妹子
    Singkawang 妹子
    Huizhou Jixi
    Shexian
    Tunxi , 囡囝
    Xiuning 囡兒
    Yixian 囡兒
    Qimen , 女兒
    Wuyuan , 女兒,
    Fuliang 女崽
    Dexing 𡚴姑
    Jingde 女伲
    Xianyu (formerly Zhanda) 女兒
    Jin Taiyuan 閨女, 姑娘, 妮子
    Pingyao 閨女, 女子
    Xinzhou 閨女
    Hohhot 閨女, 女子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 阿娘囝
    Dikou 娘囝
    Songxi 阿娘囝
    Zhenghe 阿娘囝
    Zhenqian 娘囝
    Jianyang 阿娘囝
    Wuyishan 阿娘囝
    Shibei 阿娘囝
    Min Dong Fuzhou 諸娘囝
    Changle 諸娘囝
    Fuqing 諸娘囝
    Yongtai 諸娘囝
    Gutian 諸娘囝
    Fu'an 諸娘囝
    Ningde 諸母囝
    Shouning 諸母囝
    Zhouning 諸娘囝
    Fuding 諸母囝
    Matsu 諸娘囝
    Min Nan Xiamen 查某囝, 查某仔
    Quanzhou 查某仔
    Yongchun 查某囝
    Zhangzhou 查某仔, 灶雞
    Changtai 查某仔
    Pinghe 查某囝, 查某仔 Xiazhai, Jiufeng, Luxi
    Zhangpu 查某仔
    Dongshan 查囝
    Taipei 查某囝
    Kaohsiung 查某囡仔, 查某囝
    Tainan 查某囝
    Taichung 查某囝
    Wuqi 查某囝
    Hsinchu 查某囝
    Taitung 查某囝
    Lukang 查某囝
    Sanxia 查某囝
    Yilan 查某囝
    Kinmen 查某囡仔
    Magong 查某囝
    Penang 查某囝, 查某仔
    Singapore 查某囝
    Philippines (Manila) 查某仔
    Longyan 查某仔
    Zhangping 查某仔
    Zhangping (Yongfu) 查某仔
    Datian 阿使
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou 查某囝
    Shantou 查某囝
    Haifeng 查某囝
    Johor Bahru 查某囝
    Wenchang 查某囝
    Haikou 查某囝, 查囝
    Puxian Min Putian 嬸娘囝
    Xianyou 子囝
    Pinghua Nanning
    Guilin
    Shehua Fu'an
    Fuding
    Luoyuan
    Sanming
    Shunchang
    Hua'an 妹仔
    Guixi
    Cangnan
    Jingning
    Lishui
    Longyou
    Chaozhou
    Fengshun
    Wu Shanghai 囡兒, dated, 囡兒大細 dated
    Suzhou 囡兒
    Wuxi 囡兒
    Hangzhou 女兒
    Wenzhou 奶兒
    Chongming 丫頭
    Danyang 女兒
    Jinhua 囡兒, , 女兒
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha , 妹子
    Shuangfeng
    Xiangtan , 妹唧
    Loudi
    Quanzhou 女崽
    Dialectal synonyms of 護士 (“nurse”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 護士
    Mandarin Beijing 護士
    Taiwan 護士
    Jinan 護士
    Wanrong 護士
    Xi'an 護士
    Cantonese Guangzhou 護士, 姑娘
    Hong Kong 護士, 姑娘
    Gan Nanchang 護士
    Pingxiang 護士
    Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 護士
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 護士
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 護士
    Dongshi (Dabu) 護士
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 護士
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 護士
    Huizhou Jixi 護士
    Jin Taiyuan 護士
    Min Bei Jian'ou 護士, 看護士 dated, 看護 dated
    Min Dong Fuzhou 醫生姐
    Min Nan Xiamen 護士
    Quanzhou 護士
    Zhangzhou 護士
    Taipei 護士
    Kaohsiung 看護婦, 護士
    Tainan 看護婦, 護士
    Taichung 護士, 看護婦
    Hsinchu 護士, 看護婦
    Lukang 護士
    Sanxia 護士
    Yilan 護士
    Kinmen 護士
    Magong 護士
    Penang 婂媤
    Singapore 婂媤
    Philippines (Manila) 護士
    Pinghua Nanning 護士
    Wu Shanghai 護士, 看護 dated
    Wenzhou 看護 dated
    Ningbo 護士, 看護
    Dialectal synonyms of 妓女 (“female prostitute”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 娼妓, 妓女
    Mandarin Beijing 姑娘兒, 窯姐兒
    Harbin 婊子, 窯子娘們兒, 窯姐兒
    Jinan 窯姐
    Muping 婊子, 賣窯子的
    Xi'an 窯子
    Xining 馬班子
    Yinchuan 婊子, 娼婦
    Lanzhou 婊子, 窯子
    Ürümqi 婊子
    Wuhan 婊子, 妖姑, 賣貨,
    Chengdu 梭爺子, 婊子婆娘, 婊子, 梭梭, , 貓兒, 野雞, 捨物, 粉臉子
    Guiyang 婊子, 娼妓
    Liuzhou 老舉婆, 老舉, 婊子婆
    Yangzhou 婊子, 姑娘
    Nanjing 婊子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 老舉,
    Hong Kong 妓女, , 老舉, 啄地, , 鳳姐
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 老舉
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 老舉
    Hong Kong (Ting Kok) 老舉
    Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau) 老舉
    Macau 老舉,
    Panyu 老舉
    Huadu (Huashan) 老舉
    Conghua 老舉
    Zengcheng 老舉
    Foshan 老舉
    Nanhai (Shatou) 老舉
    Shunde 老舉
    Sanshui 老舉
    Gaoming (Mingcheng) 老舉
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 老舉
    Zhuhai (Qianshan) 老舉
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 老舉
    Doumen 老舉,
    Jiangmen (Baisha) 老舉,
    Xinhui 老舉,
    Taishan 老舉,
    Kaiping (Chikan) 老舉,
    Enping (Niujiang) 老舉,
    Heshan (Yayao) 老舉
    Dongguan 老舉, 妓女
    Bao'an (Shajing) 老舉
    Xinyi 老舉
    Nanning 老妓
    Kuala Lumpur 妓女, 老舉
    Ho Chi Minh City 老舉
    Gan Nanchang 姑娘, 婊子, 嫖姑娘
    Lichuan 婊子
    Pingxiang 婊子
    Hakka Meixian 婊仔, 火屎, 當賺個, 老舉嫲, 老舉
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua) 老舉
    Dongguan (Qingxi) 老舉嫲
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 老舉嫲
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 老舉
    Conghua (Lütian) 老舉
    Yudu 婊姊, 姑娘, 婊子
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 賺食嫲
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 賺食嫲, 菜店嫲
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 賺食嫲
    Dongshi (Dabu) 賺食嫲
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 賺食嫲
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 趁食夫娘人, 趁食妹子
    Hong Kong 老舉嫲
    Senai 老舉,
    Huizhou Jixi 婊子, 賣屄貨
    Jin Taiyuan 婊子, 窯子裡的
    Xinzhou 婊子
    Min Bei Jian'ou 妓嫲
    Jianyang 妓嫲
    Wuyishan 婊子
    Min Dong Fuzhou 白面, 白面哥
    Changle 白面哥
    Fuqing
    Yongtai 白面
    Gutian 做婊子
    Fu'an 白面
    Ningde 白面
    Shouning 婊囝
    Zhouning 婊囝
    Fuding 花娘
    Matsu 白面
    Min Nan Xiamen 婊仔, 水貨, , 趁食查某, 土婊, 間仔查某
    Quanzhou 婊仔, 片仔, 水貨, , 土婊
    Zhangzhou 婊仔, 查某孫, , 雞仔, 土婊, 間仔查某, 間底查某
    Taipei 趁食查某, 菜店查某
    Kaohsiung 菜店查某, 趁食查某
    Tainan 豆菜底的, 菜店查某, 趁食查某, 貓仔, 咧趁的
    Taichung 趁食查某
    Hsinchu 趁食查某
    Lukang 趁食查某
    Sanxia 趁食查某
    Yilan 菜店查某, 趁食查某
    Kinmen 趁食查某, 相楗的
    Magong 趁食查某, 菜店查某, 菜店彪
    Penang 歹查某,
    Pingnan 老妓
    Shantou 花娘, 騷婆, 妓女
    Johor Bahru 妓女
    Haikou 娘囝,
    Puxian Min Putian 貨𨈘
    Xianyou 貨𨈘
    Pinghua Nanning 老妓婆, 婊子婆
    Wu Shanghai 婊子, 妓女
    Suzhou 婊子, 妓女
    Hangzhou 婊子, 妓女
    Wenzhou 大毛, 嬉老, 花兒
    Chongming 婊子
    Danyang 婊子
    Jinhua 賣胖貨, 賣胖個, 婊子, 婊子貨
    Ningbo 花佬, 婊子
    Xiang Changsha 妓女, 婊子, 婊子婆
    Loudi 婊子, 娼婦
    Quanzhou 妓女

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    くー
    Hyōgaiji
    にゃん
    Grade: S
    Irregular

    Alternative formsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Borrowed from Mandarin 姑娘 (gūniang).

    PronunciationEdit

    • (Irregular reading)

    NounEdit

    姑娘 (katakana クーニャン, rōmaji kūnyan)

    1. young Chinese girl

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN