ChineseEdit

 
child; son; (noun suffix)
child; son; (noun suffix); small thing; seed; egg; 1st earthly branch; 11 pm-1 am; midnight
to speak; to say
trad. (子曰)
simp. #(子曰)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (13) (35)
Final () (19) (68)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sɨX/ /ɦʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sɨX/ /ɦʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sieX/ /ɣiuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sɨX/ /ɦuat̚/
Li
Rong
/t͡siəX/ /ɣiuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/t͡sĭəX/ /ɣĭwɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡siX/ /i̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuè
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zi2 jyut6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuē
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsiX › ‹ hjwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*tsəʔ/ /*[ɢ]ʷat/
English child; gentleman, master say

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 17857 16312
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔslɯʔ/ /*ɢʷad/

PhraseEdit

子曰

  1. Confucius said; the Master said

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: 子曰く (Shi iwaku, Shi notamawaku) (calque)

NounEdit

子曰

  1. (Sichuanese) reason (Classifier: )
    說話作數大家子曰 [Sichuanese, trad.]
    说话作数大家子曰 [Sichuanese, simp.]
    From: 成都方言詞典
    You've got to give us a reason for not keeping your word.