See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qu): phonetic 𢚧 + semantic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一月心竹水 (MBPHE), four-corner 10247, composition𢖻)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 401, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11170
  • Dae Jaweon: page 741, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2341, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+6182

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iou⁵⁵/
Harbin /iou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /iou²¹/
Jinan /iou²¹³/
Qingdao /iou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /iou²⁴/
Xi'an /iou²¹/
Xining /iɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /iou³¹/
Ürümqi /iɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /iəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /iəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /iəu⁵⁵/
Kunming /iəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /iəɯ³¹/
Hefei /iɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəu¹¹/
Pingyao /iəu¹³/
Hohhot /iəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /iɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /iɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiø³³/
Wenzhou /j̠au³³/
Hui Shexian /iu³¹/
Tunxi /iu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /iəu³³/
Xiangtan /iəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /iu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /iu¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒiu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐu⁵³/
Nanning /jɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /iu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔuw/
Li
Rong
/ʔiu/
Wang
Li
/ĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yōu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)u/
English grief, grieved

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15493
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qu/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sad, grieved
  2. grief, melancholy

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u, Yale wu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ưu, âu)

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