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See also:
U+6182, 憂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6182

[U+6181]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6183]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 61 +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一月心竹水 (MBPHE), four-corner 10247, composition ⿳⿻𦣻)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 401, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11170
  • Dae Jaweon: page 741, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2341, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+6182

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qu
*qu
瀀 *qu
*qu
*qu
*qu
*qu
*qu
*qu
*quʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qu): phonetic 𢝊 + semantic .

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iou⁵⁵/
Harbin /iou⁴⁴/
Tianjin /iou²¹/
Jinan /iou²¹³/
Qingdao /iou²¹³/
Zhengzhou /iou²⁴/
Xi'an /iou²¹/
Xining /iɯ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /iəu⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /iou³¹/
Ürümqi /iɤu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /iəu⁵⁵/
Chengdu /iəu⁵⁵/
Guiyang /iəu⁵⁵/
Kunming /iəu⁴⁴/
Nanjing /iəɯ³¹/
Hefei /iɯ²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /iəu¹¹/
Pingyao /iəu¹³/
Hohhot /iəu³¹/
Wu Shanghai /iɤ⁵³/
Suzhou /iɤ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔiø³³/
Wenzhou /j̠au³³/
Hui Shexian /iu³¹/
Tunxi /iu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /iəu³³/
Xiangtan /iəɯ³³/
Gan Nanchang /iu⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /iu¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒiu¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jɐu⁵³/
Nanning /jɐu⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /jɐu⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /iu⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ieu⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iu⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /iu³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /iu²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɨu/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔiu/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiəu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔuw/
Li
Rong
/ʔiu/
Wang
Li
/ĭəu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯ə̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yōu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yōu
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjuw ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔ(r)u/
English grief, grieved

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 15493
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qu/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sad, grieved
  2. grief, melancholy

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(u) (hangeul , revised u, McCune-Reischauer u, Yale wu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ưu, âu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.