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See also:
U+6398, 掘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6398

[U+6397]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6399]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 手尸山山 (QSUU), four-corner 57072, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 438, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12264
  • Dae Jaweon: page 787, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1909, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+6398

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r̥ʰuːlʔ, *ŋrɯd, *ʔr'uːd, *ŋruːd
*kljods
*sqʰluds
*kʰljuds, *kʰljud
*ʔl'ɯd, *skruːd, *skrod, *skrud
*qʰlɯd, *l̥ʰud
*ŋr'uːd
*ŋr'oːd
*ʔl'oːd, *ʔl'uːd
*sɡloːd, *ʔl'uːd
*kljod
*kljod, *l̥ʰud
*ɡlod, *ɡlud
*l'uːd
*kluːd, *qʰluːd
*kluːd, *ɡluːd
*kʰluːd
*kʰluːd, *ʔl'ud
*kʰluːd, *ɡlud
*kʰluːd
*ʔl'ud
*ʔl'ud
*l̥ʰud
*klud, *kʰlud
*klud
*klud
*kʰlud
*ɡlud
*ɡlud, *ŋɡlud

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕyɛ˧˥/
Harbin /t͡ɕyɛ˦˦/
Tianjin /t͡ɕye˦˥/
Jinan /t͡ɕyə˦˨/
Qingdao /t͡ɕyə˨˩˧/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕyɛ˨˦/
Xi'an /t͡ɕyɛ˨˩/
Xining /t͡ɕyu˦˦/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕye˩˧/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕyə˥˧/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕyɤ˥˩/
Wuhan /t͡ɕye˨˩˧/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo˧˩/
/t͡ɕʰy˧˩/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu˨˩/
/t͡ɕie˨˩/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu˧˩/
Nanjing /t͡ɕyeʔ˥/
Hefei /t͡ɕyɐʔ˥/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ˥˦/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ˩˧/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyaʔ˦˧/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑyɪʔ˩/
Suzhou /d͡ʑyəʔ˧/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷəʔ˨/
Wenzhou /d͡ʑy˨˩˧/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyeʔ˨˩/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕye˨˦/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕyæ˨˦/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /kʰiut̚˩/
Taoyuan /kʰut̚˥˥/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐt̚˨/
Nanning /kʷet̚˨˨/
Hong Kong /kwɐt̚˨/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kut̚˥/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kuʔ˥/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky˦˦/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kuk̚˥/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kut̚˧/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (30) (30)
Final () (60) (68)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨut̚/ /ɡʉɐt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiut̚/ /ɡʷiɐt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiuət̚/ /ɡiuɐt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gut̚/ /guat̚/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuət̚/ /ɡiuɐt̚/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭuət̚/ /ɡĭwɐt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯uət̚/ /gi̯wɐt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jué
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jué jué
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjut › ‹ gjwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɡ]ut/ /*[ɡ]ot/
English dig out (earth) dig out (earth)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1559 1586
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 2
Corresponding
MC rime
𧤼
Old
Chinese
/*ɡlod/ /*ɡlud/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to dig; to excavate

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gul, gwol) (hangeul , , revised gul, gwol, McCune–Reischauer kul, kwŏl, Yale kwul, kwel)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quật, oặt, quặt, quất, quịt, quát, quạt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.