See also:
U+5176, 其
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5176

[U+5175]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5177]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 12, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 廿一一金 (TMMC), four-corner 44801, composition𠄠)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 127, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1472
  • Dae Jaweon: page 286, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 245, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5176

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

In the oracle bone script, it was originally 𠀠, a pictogram (象形) of a basket.

In the bronze inscriptions, was added under the basket to represent a stand. It may also have acted as a phonetic component.

Later borrowed for an Old Chinese pronoun. The derivative (OC *kɯ) refers to the original word.

EtymologyEdit

third-person possessive pronoun
Schuessler (2007) notes its origin is not certain because in the linguistic area pronouns tend to be of the shape KV (K=velar stop; V=vowel). Perhaps Sino-Tibetan; compare Mizo khi (that), Tibetan -ཀྱི, -གྱི (-kyi, -gyi, genitive suffix), but a Tibeto-Burman /a/ should be expected in this set. Alternatively, Proto-Austroasiatic *ki/ke ~ *ku/ko (third person pronoun) whose earliest form is perhaps *kɨ (Pinnow, 1965) appears to be phonologically closest to the OC word. (OC *ɡɯ) may be related to (OC *ɡa, “he”).
modal particle "should; probably"
Probably cognate with (OC *ɡɯ, “stipulated time; time”), (OC *kɯ, “year”) (Serruys, 1982).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɡiə/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gi › ‹ gi ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɡə/ /*ɡə/
English modal particle (3p possessive)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9947
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. he; she; it; they; one
    所好  ―  tóusuǒhào  ―  to adapt to somebody's taste (lit. to cater to that which one likes)
  2. his; her; its; their
    各司 / 各司  ―  gèsīzhí  ―  each person performs his own function
  3. that; those
  4. among which; therein
  5. probably; perhaps
    Synonyms: 大概 (dàgài), 或許或许 (huòxǔ)
  6. (particle indicating intention) let, shall, will
  7. (adverb indicating a rhetorical question)
    Synonyms: (), 難道难道 (nándào)
  8. (adverb indicating imperative)
  9. if
  10. (conjunction indicating a question with choices) or
  11. (Min Dong) Possessive particle.
  12. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kɨ/
Li
Rong
/kiə/
Wang
Li
/kĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9937
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Used at the end of a sentence to show doubt.
  2. Used in personal names.
    /   ―  Lì Yì  ―  Li Yiji (an advisor to Liu Bang)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronounEdit

() (shi

  1. (archaic) that
  2. you
  3. oneself

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (gi))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: , kỳ, , khởi

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.