See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
Stroke order

Han characterEdit

(radical 12 +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 廿一一金 (TMMC), four-corner 44801, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 127, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1472
  • Dae Jaweon: page 286, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 245, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5176

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形): a basket sitting on a stand.

Later borrowed for an Old Chinese pronoun. The derivative refers to the original word.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (30) (28)
Final () (19) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨ/ /kɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡɨ/ /kɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡie/ /kie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gɨ/ /kɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɡiə/ /kiə/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭə/ /kĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi/ /ki/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gi › ‹ gi ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɡə/ /*ɡə/
English modal particle (3p possessive)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 9937 9947
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯ/ /*ɡɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Classical Chinese) he, she, it, they, its (gender and number neutral)
  2. (Min Dong) Possessive particle.

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“he”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 他家
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Taipei
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou 俚倷唔倷
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Dialectal synonyms of (“possessive particle”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Taiwanese Raoping
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Shanghai
Wenzhou

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana , romaji shi)

  1. (archaic) that
  2. you
  3. oneself

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khởi, , kỳ, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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