U+7A9F, 窟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7A9F

[U+7A9E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7AA0]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 116, +8, 13 strokes, cangjie input 十金尸山山 (JCSUU), four-corner 30272, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 866, character 33
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25552
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1294, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2734, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+7A9F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰluːd): semantic (hole; cave) + phonetic (OC *klud, *kʰlud).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kug4 - literary;
  • kuh4/uh4 - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (29)
Final () (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰwət̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰuət̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ku
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
fat1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˁut/
English cave, hole

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1565
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰluːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. hole; cave
      ―  shí  ―  rock cave
  2. cellar
  3. a place where a certain kind of people or things gather
      ―    ―  place occupied by sinister forces
    貧民 / 贫民  ―  pínmín  ―  slum

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. hole, cave

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC kʰuət̚).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 코ᇙ〮 (Yale: khwólq)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 구무 (Yale: kwùmwù) 굴〮 (Yale: kwúl)

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ku(ː)ɭ]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (gul gul))

  1. Hanja form? of (cave; hole). [noun]

CompoundsEdit

  • See the Hangeul entry at (gul) for compounds of .

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: quật

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.