U+5C48, 屈
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C48

[U+5C47]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C49]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r̥ʰuːlʔ, *ŋrɯd, *ʔr'uːd, *ŋruːd
*kljods
*sqʰluds
*kʰljuds, *kʰljud
*ʔl'ɯd, *skruːd, *skrod, *skrud
*qʰlɯd, *l̥ʰud
*ŋr'uːd
*ŋr'oːd
*ʔl'oːd, *ʔl'uːd
*sɡloːd, *ʔl'uːd
*kljod
*kljod, *l̥ʰud
*ɡlod, *ɡlud
*l'uːd
*kluːd, *qʰluːd
*kluːd, *ɡluːd
*kʰluːd
*kʰluːd, *ʔl'ud
*kʰluːd, *ɡlud
*kʰluːd, *pʰlɯːlʔ, *pʰlɯːls, *pʰlɯlʔ
*ʔl'ud
*ʔl'ud
*l̥ʰud
*klud, *kʰlud
*klud
*klud
*kʰlud
*ɡlud
*ɡlud, *ŋɡlud

Simplified from 𡲶.

Han characterEdit

(radical 44 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸山山 (SUU), four-corner 77272, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 301, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7669
  • Dae Jaweon: page 597, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 970, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C48

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰy⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiut̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /wɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰouʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (29)
Final () (60) (60)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨut̚/ /kʰɨut̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kiut̚/ /kʰiut̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiuət̚/ /kʰiuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kut̚/ /kʰut̚/
Li
Rong
/kiuət̚/ /kʰiuət̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭuət̚/ /kʰĭuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uət̚/ /kʰi̯uət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ju qu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khjut › ‹ khjut ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə-[kʰ]ut/ /*[kʰ]ut/
English bent bend, subdue

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1579 1583
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
𠀔
Old
Chinese
/*klud/ /*kʰlud/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bend, flex
  2. bent, crooked
  3. crouch

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. yield

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gul) (hangeul , revised gul, McCune-Reischauer kul)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khuất, quất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.