Character
Unicode name CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C48
Code point U+5C48
Entity number 屈
Unicode block CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C47] [U+5C49]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
屈-bronze.svg 屈-silk.svg 屈-bigseal.svg 屈-seal.svg

Simplified from 𡲶.

Han characterEdit

(radical 44 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 尸山山 (SUU), four-corner 77272, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 301, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7669
  • Dae Jaweon: page 597, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 970, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5C48

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰy⁴⁴/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰyo³¹/
/t͡ɕʰy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰiu³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕʰyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕʰyəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡ɕʰioʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕʰy²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰyeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰy⁵/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕʰy²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰyʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kʰiut̚¹/
Taoyuan /kʰut̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /wɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /wɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /wɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kʰut̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kʰouʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kʰy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰuk̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xut̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨut̚/ /ki̯uət̚/ /kiuət̚/ /kiut̚/ /kut̚/ /kĭuət̚/ /kiuət̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (29)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɨut̚/ /kʰi̯uət̚/ /kʰiuət̚/ /kʰiut̚/ /kʰut̚/ /kʰĭuət̚/ /kʰiuət̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ khjut › /*Nə-[kʰ]ut/ bent
‹ khjut › /*[kʰ]ut/ bend, subdue

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1579 2 𠀔 /*klud/
1583 2 /*kʰlud/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bend, flex
  2. bent, crooked
  3. crouch

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gul) (hangeul , revised gul, McCune-Reischauer kul)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khuất, quất)

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