U+5800, 堀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5800

[U+57FF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5801]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 土尸山山 (GSUU), four-corner 47172, composition)

  1. cave, hole

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 231, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5205
  • Dae Jaweon: page 468, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 459, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5800

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r̥ʰuːlʔ, *ŋrɯd, *ʔr'uːd, *ŋruːd
*kljods
*sqʰluds
*kʰljuds, *kʰljud
*ʔl'ɯd, *skruːd, *skrod, *skrud
*qʰlɯd, *l̥ʰud
*ŋr'uːd
*ŋr'oːd
*ʔl'oːd, *ʔl'uːd
*sɡloːd, *ʔl'uːd
*kljod
*kljod, *l̥ʰud
*ɡlod, *ɡlud
*l'uːd
*kluːd, *qʰluːd
*kluːd, *ɡluːd
*kʰluːd
*kʰluːd, *ʔl'ud
*kʰluːd, *ɡlud
*kʰluːd, *pʰlɯːlʔ, *pʰlɯːls, *pʰlɯlʔ
*ʔl'ud
*ʔl'ud
*l̥ʰud
*klud, *kʰlud
*klud
*klud
*kʰlud
*ɡlud
*ɡlud, *ŋɡlud

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (30) (29)
Final () (60) (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨut̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiut̚/ /kʰuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiuət̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gut̚/ /kʰwət̚/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuət̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭuət̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯uət̚/ /kʰuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ku
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*[kʰ]ˤut/
English hole

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1567 1587
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰluːd/ /*ɡlud/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
ほり
Grade: S
kun'yomi

The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 掘る (horu, to dig).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ほり, romaji hori)

  1. ditch, canal
  2. moat

Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ほり, romaji Hori)

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gul) (hangeul , revised gul, McCune-Reischauer kul)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.