See also:
U+6681, 暁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6681

[U+6680]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6682]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 日十廿山 (AJTU), composition)

  1. dawn, daybreak
  2. clear, explicit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 497, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14031
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): not present, would follow volume 2, page 1516, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6681

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
あかつき
Grade: S
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

⟨aka to2ki1 → */akatəkʲi//akat͡suki/

Shift from Old Japanese (akato2ki1).[1][2][3]

Originally a compound of 明か (aka, the 未然形 (mizenkei, incomplete form) of verb 明く (aku), “to open) +‎ (toki, time, moment, hour).[2][3]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(あかつき) (akatsuki (kyūjitai )

  1. the dawn, daybreak
    • 905914, Kokin Wakashū (book 13, poem 625; also Hyakunin Isshu, poem 30)
      有明(ありあけ)のつれなく()えし(わか)れより(あかつき)ばかり()きものはなし
      ariake no tsurenaku mieshi wakare yori akatsuki bakari ukimono wa nashi
      Since that parting when I saw that distant look in the late moon's glare, nothing seems more cruel to me than the hours before dawn.[4]
    • 1079, Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (page 8 (back))[5]
      天暁 アカツキ
  2. an event, occasion, occurrence
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
ProverbsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(あかつき) (Akatsuki

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぎょう
Grade: S
kan’yōon
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

/ɡeu/ → */ɡʲəː//ɡʲoː/

From Middle Chinese (MC heuX).

AffixEdit

(ぎょう) (gyōげう (geu)? (kyūjitai )

  1. dawn, daybreak
  2. clear(ly understood), explicit
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(ぎょう) (Gyōげう (geu)? (kyūjitai )

  1. a female given name

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
nanori
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Nominalization of the stem of adjective 明らか (akiraka, clear, visible).

Proper nounEdit

(あきら) (Akira (kyūjitai )

  1. a female given name

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
nanori
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Nominalization of classical adjective 聡し (satoshi), modern 聡い (satoi, clever, smart, sharp).

Proper nounEdit

(さとし) (Satoshi (kyūjitai )

  1. a male given name

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
nanori
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Nominalization of verb 悟る (satoru, to perceive, understand).

Proper nounEdit

(さとる) (Satoru (kyūjitai )

  1. a male or female given name

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term
Grade: S
nanori
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

Nominalization of verb 通る (tōru, to be wise).

Proper nounEdit

(とおる) (Tōruとほる (toforu)? (kyūjitai )

  1. a male or female given name

Etymology 7Edit

Other various nanori readings.

Proper nounEdit

(あかな) (Akana (kyūjitai )

  1. a female given name

(あき) (Aki (kyūjitai )

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

(きょう) (Kyōけう (keu)? (kyūjitai )

  1. a male or female given name

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ Shōtetsu (1997) , Steven D. Carter, editor, Unforgotten Dreams: Poems by the Zen Monk Shōtetsu (Translations from the Asian classics), illustrated edition, Columbia University Press, →ISBN, page 38
  5. ^ Tsukishima, Hiroshi (1079) Kojisho Ongi Shūsei 12: Konkōmyō Saishōōkyō Ongi (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Kyūko Shoin, published 1979, →ISBN.

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
あかちち
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Cognate with Japanese (akatsuki).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana あかちち, rōmaji akachichi)

  1. the dawn, daybreak