See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(sun) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 日土土山 (AGGU), four-corner 64011, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 500, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14176
  • Dae Jaweon: page 870, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1535, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+66C9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu²¹⁴/
Harbin /ɕiau²¹³/
Tianjin /ɕiɑu¹³/
Jinan /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɕiau⁵³/
Xi'an /ɕiau⁵³/
Xining /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɔ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ɕiɔ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕiau⁴²/
Chengdu /ɕiau⁵³/
Guiyang /ɕiao⁴²/
Kunming /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Nanjing /ɕiɔo²¹²/
Hefei /ɕiɔ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiau⁵³/
Pingyao /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /ɕiæ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ɕa³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ɕiɔ³⁵/
Tunxi /ɕio³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiau⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɕiaɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /hiau³¹/
Taoyuan /hiɑu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hiu³⁵/
Nanning /hiu³⁵/
Hong Kong /hiu³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiau⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieu³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiau²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiau⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiau²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/heuX/ /xieuX/ /xeuX/ /heuX/ /hɛwX/ /xieuX/ /xeuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiǎo ‹ xewX › /*qʰˤewʔ/ understand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14699 2 /*hŋeːwʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. dawn, daybreak
    /   ―  xiǎo  ―  dawn, daybreak; to dawn
  2. to know, to understand, to get
    /   ―  tōngxiǎo  ―  to thoroughly understand

ReferencesEdit

  • (Min Nan) 著作臺灣總督府 [Governor-General of Taiwan] (1931–1932), “Online Entry #19567”, in Ogawa Naoyoshi, editor, 臺日大辭典 [Tai-Nichi daijiten] (in Japanese and Min Nan), Taipei: 同府 [Dōfu], OCLC 25747241.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hyo) (hangeul , revised hyo, McCune-Reischauer hyo, Yale hyo)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hẻo, hểu, hiểu)

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