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U+66C9, 曉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66C9

[U+66C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66CA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 日土土山 (AGGU), four-corner 64011, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 500, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14176
  • Dae Jaweon: page 870, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1535, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+66C9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hŋaːw, *rŋaːw, *rnaːwʔ
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːws, *ŋjew
*ŋ̊ʰreːw, *ŋreːws, *ŋ̊ʰeːwʔ
*ŋ̊ʰreːw
*hŋreːw
*hŋreːw, *ŋeːws
*hŋjew, *hŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ʔŋew
*ŋjew
*ŋjew
*ŋjewʔ, *ŋjaws
*ŋjewʔ
*njewʔ, *neːwʔ, *hŋeːws
*ŋ̊ʰew, *ŋ̊ʰews
*ŋ̊ʰew
*ɡew, *ɡews
*ŋkeːw, *ŋeːws
*ŋkeːw
*kŋeːwʔ, *ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːws
*hŋeːw, *hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːwʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hŋeːwʔ): semantic  (sun) + phonetic  (OC *ŋeːw).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hiao2 - Shantou;
  • hiou2 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ɕiau²¹³/
    Tianjin /ɕiɑu¹³/
    Jinan /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ɕiau⁵³/
    Xi'an /ɕiau⁵³/
    Xining /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɕiɔ⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ɕiɔ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕiau⁴²/
    Chengdu /ɕiau⁵³/
    Guiyang /ɕiao⁴²/
    Kunming /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Nanjing /ɕiɔo²¹²/
    Hefei /ɕiɔ²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiau⁵³/
    Pingyao /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiɔ³⁵/
    Suzhou /ɕiæ⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /ɕa³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiɔ³⁵/
    Tunxi /ɕio³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕiau⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ɕiaɯ⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛu²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /hiau³¹/
    Taoyuan /hiɑu³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hiu³⁵/
    Nanning /hiu³⁵/
    Hong Kong /hiu³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiau⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieu³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiau²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hiau⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hiau²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (93)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /heuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /heuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xeuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hɛwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /xeuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /xieuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xieuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiǎo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xewX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰˁewʔ/
    English understand

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14699
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hŋeːwʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. dawn; daybreak
      /   ―  xiǎo  ―  dawn, daybreak; to dawn
    2. to know; to understand; to get
      /   ―  tōngxiǎo  ―  to thoroughly understand
    3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (dialectal Hakka) will
    4. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“to know how to; to be able to”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 曉得
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou 識得
    Hong Kong 識得
    Hong Kong (Weitou)
    Taishan 識領曉領
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang 曉得
    Hakka Meixian 識得
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 曉得
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 曉得
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 曉得
    Dongshi (Dabu) 曉得
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 曉得
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 會曉
    Hong Kong
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen 會曉
    Quanzhou 會曉
    Zhangzhou 會曉
    Taipei 會曉
    Kaohsiung 會曉
    Tainan 會曉
    Taichung 會曉
    Hsinchu
    Lukang 會曉
    Sanxia 會曉
    Yilan 會曉
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha 曉得
    Shuangfeng 曉得

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (hyo) (hangeul , revised hyo, McCune–Reischauer hyo, Yale hyo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hẻo, hểu, hiểu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.