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U+66C9, 曉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66C9

[U+66C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66CA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 日土土山 (AGGU), four-corner 64011, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 500, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14176
  • Dae Jaweon: page 870, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1535, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+66C9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hŋaːw, *rŋaːw, *rnaːwʔ
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːws, *ŋjew
*ŋ̊ʰreːw, *ŋreːws, *ŋ̊ʰeːwʔ
*ŋ̊ʰreːw
*hŋreːw
*hŋreːw, *ŋeːws
*hŋjew, *hŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ʔŋew
*ŋjew
*ŋjew
*ŋjewʔ, *ŋjaws
*ŋjewʔ
*njewʔ, *neːwʔ, *hŋeːws
*ŋ̊ʰew, *ŋ̊ʰews
*ŋ̊ʰew
*ɡew, *ɡews
*ŋkeːw, *ŋeːws
*ŋkeːw
*kŋeːwʔ, *ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːws
*hŋeːw, *hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːwʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hŋeːwʔ): semantic  (sun) + phonetic  (OC *ŋeːw).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hiao2 - Shantou;
  • hiou2 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ɕiau²¹³/
    Tianjin /ɕiɑu¹³/
    Jinan /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ɕiau⁵³/
    Xi'an /ɕiau⁵³/
    Xining /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɕiɔ⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ɕiɔ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕiau⁴²/
    Chengdu /ɕiau⁵³/
    Guiyang /ɕiao⁴²/
    Kunming /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Nanjing /ɕiɔo²¹²/
    Hefei /ɕiɔ²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiau⁵³/
    Pingyao /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiɔ³⁵/
    Suzhou /ɕiæ⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /ɕa³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiɔ³⁵/
    Tunxi /ɕio³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕiau⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ɕiaɯ⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛu²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /hiau³¹/
    Taoyuan /hiɑu³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hiu³⁵/
    Nanning /hiu³⁵/
    Hong Kong /hiu³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiau⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieu³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiau²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hiau⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hiau²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (93)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /heuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /heuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xeuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hɛwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /xeuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /xieuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xieuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiǎo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xewX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰˁewʔ/
    English understand

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14699
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hŋeːwʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. dawn; daybreak
      /   ―  xiǎo  ―  dawn, daybreak; to dawn
    2. to know; to understand; to get
      /   ―  tōngxiǎo  ―  to thoroughly understand
    3. (Can we verify(+) this sense?) (dialectal Hakka) will
    4. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“to know how to; to be able to”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan , 曉得
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou , , 識得,
    Hong Kong , 識得,
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Taishan , , 識領, , 曉領
    Yangjiang ,
    Gan Nanchang , 曉得
    Hakka Meixian , 識得,
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 曉得,
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 曉得,
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 曉得,
    Dongshi (Dabu) 曉得,
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 曉得,
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) , 會曉
    Hong Kong
    Sabah (Bao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen , 會曉
    Quanzhou , 會曉
    Zhangzhou , 會曉
    Taipei , 會曉
    Kaohsiung , 會曉
    Tainan , 會曉
    Taichung , 會曉
    Hsinchu
    Lukang , 會曉
    Sanxia , 會曉
    Yilan , 會曉
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Chaozhou
    Wu Suzhou
    Wenzhou
    Xiang Changsha , 曉得
    Shuangfeng , 曉得

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (hyo) (hangeul , revised hyo, McCune–Reischauer hyo, Yale hyo)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hẻo, hểu, hiểu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.