U+66C9, 曉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66C9

[U+66C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66CA]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 日土土山 (AGGU), four-corner 64011, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 500, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14176
  • Dae Jaweon: page 870, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1535, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+66C9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*hŋaːw, *rŋaːw, *rnaːwʔ
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːw
*rŋaːws, *ŋjew
*ŋ̥ʰreːw, *ŋreːws, *ŋ̥ʰeːwʔ
*ŋ̥ʰreːw
*hŋreːw
*hŋreːw, *ŋeːws
*hŋjew, *hŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ŋjaws
*ŋjew, *ʔŋew
*ŋjew
*ŋjew
*ŋjewʔ, *ŋjaws
*ŋjewʔ
*njewʔ, *neːwʔ, *hŋeːws
*ŋ̥ʰew, *ŋ̥ʰews
*ŋ̥ʰew
*ɡew, *ɡews
*ŋkeːw, *ŋeːws
*ŋkeːw
*kŋeːwʔ, *ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːw
*ŋeːws
*hŋeːw, *hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːw
*hŋeːwʔ
*hŋeːwʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hŋeːwʔ): semantic (sun) + phonetic (OC *ŋeːw).

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu²¹⁴/
Harbin /ɕiau²¹³/
Tianjin /ɕiɑu¹³/
Jinan /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɕiau⁵³/
Xi'an /ɕiau⁵³/
Xining /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕiɔ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /ɕiɔ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕiau⁴²/
Chengdu /ɕiau⁵³/
Guiyang /ɕiao⁴²/
Kunming /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Nanjing /ɕiɔo²¹²/
Hefei /ɕiɔ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕiau⁵³/
Pingyao /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕiɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /ɕiæ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /ɕiɔ⁵³/
Wenzhou /ɕa³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ɕiɔ³⁵/
Tunxi /ɕio³¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiau⁴¹/
Xiangtan /ɕiaɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /hiau³¹/
Taoyuan /hiɑu³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hiu³⁵/
Nanning /hiu³⁵/
Hong Kong /hiu³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiau⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieu³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiau²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hiau⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiau²¹³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (93)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/heuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/heuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/xeuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɛwX/
Li
Rong
/xeuX/
Wang
Li
/xieuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xieuX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xiǎo
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiǎo
Middle
Chinese
‹ xewX ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰˤewʔ/
English understand

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14699
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hŋeːwʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. dawn, daybreak
    /   ―  xiǎo  ―  dawn, daybreak; to dawn
  2. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
  3. to know, to understand, to get
    /   ―  tōngxiǎo  ―  to thoroughly understand

ReferencesEdit

  • (Min Nan) Governor-General of Taiwan (1931–1932), Ogawa Naoyoshi, editor, 臺日大辭典 [Taiwanese-Japanese Dictionary][2] (in Japanese and Min Nan), volume 2, Taihoku: 同府 [Dōfu], OCLC 25747241, page 609.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hyo) (hangeul , revised hyo, McCune-Reischauer hyo, Yale hyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hẻo, hểu, hiểu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.