See also: and
U+66C9, 曉
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66C9

[U+66C8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66CA]

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 日土土山 (AGGU), four-corner 64011, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 500, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14176
  • Dae Jaweon: page 870, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1535, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+66C9

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hŋeːwʔ): semantic (sun) + phonetic (OC *ŋeːw).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hiao2 - Shantou;
  • hiou2 - Chaozhou.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiɑu²¹⁴/
    Harbin /ɕiau²¹³/
    Tianjin /ɕiɑu¹³/
    Jinan /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ɕiɔ⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ɕiau⁵³/
    Xi'an /ɕiau⁵³/
    Xining /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Yinchuan /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /ɕiɔ⁴⁴²/
    Ürümqi /ɕiɔ⁵¹/
    Wuhan /ɕiau⁴²/
    Chengdu /ɕiau⁵³/
    Guiyang /ɕiao⁴²/
    Kunming /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Nanjing /ɕiɔo²¹²/
    Hefei /ɕiɔ²⁴/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕiau⁵³/
    Pingyao /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiɔ³⁵/
    Suzhou /ɕiæ⁵¹/
    Hangzhou /ɕiɔ⁵³/
    Wenzhou /ɕa³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /ɕiɔ³⁵/
    Tunxi /ɕio³¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ɕiau⁴¹/
    Xiangtan /ɕiaɯ⁴²/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɛu²¹³/
    Hakka Meixian /hiau³¹/
    Taoyuan /hiɑu³¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /hiu³⁵/
    Nanning /hiu³⁵/
    Hong Kong /hiu³⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiau⁵³/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hieu³²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xiau²¹/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /hiau⁵³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hiau²¹³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (32)
    Final () (93)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /heuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /heuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xeuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hɛwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /xeuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /xieuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xieuX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiǎo
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiǎo
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xewX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qʰˁewʔ/
    English understand

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14699
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hŋeːwʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. dawn; daybreak
      /   ―  xiǎo  ―  dawn, daybreak; to dawn
      不覺處處 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
      不觉处处 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
      From: 孟浩然 (Meng Hao Ran), 《春曉》, 8th century CE
      Chūn mián bùjué xiǎo, chùchù wén tí niǎo. [Pinyin]
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    2. to know; to understand; to get
      /   ―  tōngxiǎo  ―  to thoroughly understand
    3. (dialectal Hakka) will
    4. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of

    ReadingsEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    あかつきS
    [noun] the dawn, daybreak
    [noun] an event, occasion, occurrence
    [proper noun] a female given name
    [proper noun] a surname
    ぎょうS
    [affix] dawn, daybreak
    [affix] clear(ly understood), explicit
    [proper noun] a female given name
    あきらS
    [proper noun] a female given name
    さとしS
    [proper noun] a male given name
    さとるS
    [proper noun] a male or female given name
    とおるS
    [proper noun] a male or female given name
    あかなS
    [proper noun] a female given name
    あきS
    [proper noun] a female given name
    [proper noun] a surname
    きょうS
    [proper noun] a male or female given name
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above terms.)

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC heuX). Recorded as Middle Korean 효〯 (Yale: hyo) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 새벽 (saebyeok hyo))

    1. Hanja form? of (dawn).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    Old JapaneseEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From 明か (aka, the 未然形 (mizenkei, incomplete form) of verb 明く (aku), “to open) +‎ (to2ki1, time, moment, hour).[1][2]

    NounEdit

    (akato2ki1) (kana あかとき)

    1. the dawn, daybreak
      • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 18, poem 4084), text here
        安可登吉爾名能里奈久奈流保登等藝須伊夜米豆良之久於毛保由流香母
        akato2ki1 ni nano2ri nakunaru poto2to2gi1su iya medurasiku omopoyuru ka mo
        (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Japanese: (akatsuki)

    Coordinate termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hẻo, hểu, hiểu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.