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U+6F5B, 潛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6F5B

[U+6F5A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6F5C]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 水一山日 (EMUA), four-corner 34161, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 652, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18240
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1059, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1740, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6F5B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsɯːm, *ʔsrɯm
*ʔsluːm, *ʔsluːmʔ, *ʔsluːms, *ʔsrum
*ʔsluːm
*sʰluːmʔ, *sʰlɯːmʔ
*sʰluːmʔ, *ʔsluːb
*sʰlɯːmʔ, *zlam
*zluːm
*zluːm, *hl'iːnʔ
*sluːmʔ
*ʔslom
*zlam, *zɯm, *ljɯm
*zlam, *zɯm, *ljɯm
*zlom, *zloms
*ʔslɯːms
*sl'ɯm
*zlum
*ʔsrɯm
*ʔsrums

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zlom, *zloms): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *sʰlɯːmʔ, *zlam).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (15) (15)
Final () (153) (153)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ziᴇm/ /d͡ziᴇmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ziɛm/ /d͡ziɛmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zjæm/ /d͡zjæmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ziam/ /d͡ziamH/
Li
Rong
/d͡ziɛm/ /d͡ziɛmH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭɛm/ /d͡zĭɛmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯ɛm/ /d͡zʱi̯ɛmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qián jiàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qián qián qián
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjem › ‹ dzjem › ‹ dzjemH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz][o]m/ /*[dz][o]m/ /*[dz][o]m-s/
English go under water 驩潛 Khwārazm (region in Central Asia, W. Hàn) to hide; secretly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6709 6710
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zlom/ /*zloms/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to go under water; to move under water
  2. to hide; to conceal
  3. to live in seclusion
  4. to make a concentrated effort
  5. hidden; secret
  6. latent
  7. secretly; stealthily
  8. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jam) (hangeul , revised jam, McCune–Reischauer cham, Yale cam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tiềm, tèm, tỉm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.