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U+7C2A, 簪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7C2A

[U+7C29]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7C2B]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 118, +12, 18 strokes, cangjie input 竹一山日 (HMUA), four-corner 88601, composition)

  1. hairpin, clasp
  2. wear in one's hair

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 900, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 26558
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1326, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3014, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7C2A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsɯːm, *ʔsrɯm
*ʔsluːm, *ʔsluːmʔ, *ʔsluːms, *ʔsrum
*ʔsluːm
*sʰluːmʔ, *sʰlɯːmʔ
*sʰluːmʔ, *ʔsluːb
*sʰlɯːmʔ, *zlam
*zluːm
*zluːm, *hl'iːnʔ
*sluːmʔ
*ʔslom
*zlam, *zɯm, *ljɯm
*zlam, *zɯm, *ljɯm
*zlom, *zloms
*ʔslɯːms
*sl'ɯm
*zlum
*ʔsrɯm
*ʔsrums

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (18) (13)
Final () (140) (159)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ʃˠiɪm/ /t͡sʌm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈ͡ʂᵚim/ /t͡səm/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃiem/ /t͡sɒm/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈ͡ʂjim/ /t͡səm/
Li
Rong
/t͡ʃjəm/ /t͡sᴀm/
Wang
Li
/t͡ʃĭĕm/ /t͡sɒm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʈ͡ʂi̯əm/ /t͡săm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhēn zān
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zān zān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsom › ‹ tsrim ›
Old
Chinese
/*Cə.tsˁ[ə]m/ /*tsr[ə]m/
English hairpin hairpin

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 6694 6721
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsɯːm/ /*ʔsrɯm/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. ornamental hairpin

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
 
(kanzashi): A 舞子 (maiko, apprentice geisha) with the willow-themed kanzashi for the month of June.
Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:

/kamusaɕi//kanzaɕi/

Originally a compound of (kamu, hair, hair of the head, Old Japanese combining form) +‎ 挿し (sashi, sticker-through (something that sticks through), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 挿す sasu “to stick through, to insert”).[1][2] The sashi changes to zashi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かんざし, rōmaji kanzashi)

  1. a hairpin, particularly a fancy decorative hairpin used in Japanese women's hairstyles

Usage notesEdit

This is most commonly spelled in kanji as or in kana as かんざし.

The alternative kanji spellings are attested, but seldom used in modern Japanese.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jam) (hangeul , revised jam, McCune–Reischauer cham, Yale cam)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trâm, trám, trắm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.