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澪標

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澪標 (miotsukushi, miozukushi, miojirushi): a traditional Japanese daybeacon in Osaka during the Meiji period.

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
みお
Jinmeiyō
つくし > づくし
Grade: 4
Irregular
Kanji in this term
みお
Jinmeiyō
つくし
Grade: 4
Irregular

⟨mi1wo tu kusi⟩/miwotukusi//miot͡sukuɕi/

Compound of  (みお) (mio, water channel) + (tsu, Old Japanese possessive particle) +  (くし) (kushi, skewer).[1]

Also encountered with the reading miozukushi. The tsukushi changes to zukushi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Notably, different publishers of the same historical texts appear to alternate between the miotsukushi and miojirushi readings, possibly due to historical or dialectal differences.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Irregular reading)

NounEdit

澪標 (hiragana みおつくし, rōmaji miotsukushi, historical hiragana みをつくし)
(alternative reading hiragana みおづくし, romaji miozukushi, historical hiragana みをづくし)

  1. a dolphin erected as a daybeacon or daymark: a navigational marker indicating the bounds of a water channel
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3429), text here
       () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () () [Man'yōgana]
       (とほつ) (あふみ) (いな) () (ほそ) ()みをつくし (あれ) (たの)めてあさましものを [Modern spelling]
      Tōtsu Ōmi Inasa-hosoe no miotsukushi are o tanomete asamashi mono o
      In Tōtsu Ōmi up Inasa Creek there stand the channel stakes―you could have made me follow and left me high and dry.[3]
    Synonyms: 澪木 (miogi), 澪杭 (miokui), 水尾坊木 (miobōgi)
  2. (poetry) in waka poetry, a kakekotoba used to pun against the sense of 尽くし (mi o tsukushi, literally “exhausting one's body” → “with all one's might, with all one's heart and soul”) [since Heian period]
    • c. 950, Gosen Wakashū (book 13, poem 860; also Hyakunin Isshu, poem 20)
      わびぬれば (いま)はた (おな) (なに) ()なるみをつくしても ()はむとぞ (おも)
      wabinureba ima hata onaji Naniwa naru mi o tsukushite mo awan to zo omou
      Miserable, now, it is all the same. Channel-markers at Naniwa―even if it costs my life, I will see you again![4]

Proper nounEdit

澪標 (hiragana みおつくし, rōmaji Miotsukushi, historical hiragana みをつくし)

  1. the fourteenth chapter of The Tale of Genji
  2. name of a type of incense

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
みお
Jinmeiyō
しるし > じるし
Grade: 4
kun’yomi

⟨mi1wo sirusi⟩/miwozirusi//miod͡ʑiruɕi/

Compound of  (みお) (mio, water channel) +  (しるし) (shirushi, mark, sign). The shirushi changes to jirushi as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Notably, different publishers of the same historical texts appear to alternate between the miojirushi and miotsukushi readings, possibly due to historical or dialectal differences.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

澪標 (hiragana みおじるし, rōmaji miojirushi, historical hiragana みをじるし)

  1. a dolphin erected as a daybeacon or daymark: a navigational marker indicating the bounds of a water channel
    • 12th century, Sanka Wakashū (book 1, poem 217)
       (ひろ) () (がは) (わた)りの (おき)みをじるし () (かさ) (ふか)五月雨 (さみだれ) (ころ)
      Hirose-gawa watari no oki no miojirushi mikasa zo fukaki samidare no koro
      (please add an English translation of this example)

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
れい
Jinmeiyō
ひょう
Grade: 4
on’yomi

/reiheu//reːhjoː/

From Middle Chinese 澪標 (MC leŋ piᴇu).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

澪標 (hiragana れいひょう, rōmaji reihyō, historical hiragana れいへう)

  1. a dolphin erected as a daybeacon or daymark: a navigational marker indicating the bounds of a water channel

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Edwin A. Cranston (1998) The Gem-Glistening Cup, Stanford University Press, →ISBN, page 734
  4. ^ Joshua S. Mostow (1996) Pictures of the Heart: The Hyakunin Isshu in Word and Image, illustrated edition, University of Hawaii Press, →ISBN, page 201