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TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 2, +6, 7 strokes, cangjie input 中中 (LL), four-corner 50006, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 80, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 80
  • Dae Jaweon: page 162, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 30, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E32

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Warring States Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Transcribed ancient scripts
     


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pictogram (象形) – objects strung together.

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with 穿 (OC *kʰljon, *kʰljons, “to pierce through; to wear”), (OC *koːn, *koːns, “to penetrate”).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • chhǹg - vernacular;
  • chhoàn - literary.
  • Wu

  • Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 1647
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰjons/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to string together; to link up
    2. string; chain; series
    3. skewer
    4. Classifier for strung, bunched or clustered objects.
      珠子  ―  chuàn zhūzǐ  ―  a string of beads
      鞭炮  ―  chuàn biānpào  ―  a string of firecrackers
      葡萄  ―  chuàn pútáo  ―  a bunch of grapes
    5. to gang up on; to conspire; to collaborate
    6. to cross; to criss-cross; to traverse to; to mix (undesirably)
    7. to pay a visit to; to visit; to move about
    8. to play (a role); to act
    9. (Cantonese) to spell (a word in Roman letters)
    10. (Cantonese, slang, may be derived from 串聯 during the Cultural Revolution) cocksure; arrogant; cocky
    11. (Cantonese, slang) sarcastic

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (70)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kˠuanH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷᵚanH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɐnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaɨnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuanH/
    Wang
    Li
    /kwanH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwanH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    guàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ kwænH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kˤro[n]-s/
    English custom

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 1646
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kroːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to get close to; to fawn on; to be obsequious to; to curry favour with
    2. people on intimate terms
    3. habit; custom
    4. to joke; to banter

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. spit, skewer

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    Kanji in this term
    くし
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    From Old Japanese.[1] Appears in the Nihon Shoki, finished CE 720.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana くし, rōmaji kushi)

    1. a skewer, a spit
    2. a candle's wick
    3. a tamagushi: a branch of a sakaki tree used as a Shintō offering
      12th century, Konjaku Monogatarishū (book 24, story 51)
       () () (へい) (くし)書付 (かきつけ)て...
      sono gohei no kushi ni kakitsukete
      (please add an English translation of this example)
    4. (slang, computing) a proxy server
      中国 (ちゅうごく) (くし)
      Chūgoku kushi
      Chinese proxy

    SynonymsEdit

    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana くし, rōmaji Kushi)

    1. A surname​.

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    Eumhun 1Edit

    Eumhun 2Edit

    • Sound: (gwan)
    • Meaning: (kkwel)
      1. to string together; to link up
      2. to get close to; to fawn on; to be obsequious to; to curry favour with

    Eumhun 3Edit

    • Sound: (cheon)
    • Meaning: 꿰미 (kkwemi)
      1. string; chain; series

    Eumhun 4Edit

    ReferencesEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (xuyến, quán, xiên, xuyên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit