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Etymology 1Edit

 
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伽羅 (Kara): the Gaya confederacy is shown here in orange.
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō

Grade: S
kan’yōon on’yomi

From Kaya [script needed] (kara).[1][2]

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

伽羅 (hiragana から, rōmaji Kara)

  1. (historical) the Gaya confederacy: a grouping of smaller states on the southern end of the Korean peninsula, roughly dating to 42-532 CE
    Synonyms: 伽耶 (Kaya), 任那 (Mimana)
Derived termsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
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伽羅 (kyara): agarwood.
Kanji in this term
きゃ
Jinmeiyō

Grade: S
goon

There are two leading theories, both deriving from Middle Chinese 伽羅 (MC ɡɨɑ lɑ):

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

伽羅 (hiragana きゃら, rōmaji kyara)

  1. Short for 伽羅木 (kyaraboku): a Japanese yew variety, Taxus cuspidata var. nana
  2. an aromatic tree
  3. incense, especially when made from such aromatic wood
  4. (by extension) something of high quality, a rarity, a luxury
  5. (historical slang, obsolete) during the Edo period, a red-light district slang word for "money"
  6. flattery, sycophancy
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Christopher I. Beckwith (2009) Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present, Princeton University Press, →ISBN, page 105: “The spelling Kaya is the modern Korean reading of the characters used to write the name; the pronunciation /kara/ (transcriptionally *kala) is certain.”
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. 4.0 4.1 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN