Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +15, 18 strokes, cangjie input 水日廿水 (EATE), four-corner 36132)

  1. waterfall, cascade
  2. heavy rain

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 659, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18609
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1069, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1778, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7011

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pʰu⁵¹/
/pʰu³⁵/
Harbin /pʰu²⁴/
Tianjin /pʰu⁵³/
Jinan /pɔ²¹/
/pu⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pɔ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pʰu⁵³/
Xi'an /pʰu⁵³/
Xining /pʰv̩⁵³/
Yinchuan /pʰu¹³/
Lanzhou /pʰu¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰu²¹³/
Chengdu /pau¹³/
Guiyang /pʰu²¹/
Kunming /pʰu³¹/
Nanjing /pʰoʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pʰəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao
Hohhot /pʰaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /boʔ¹/
/bɔ¹³/
Suzhou /boʔ³/
Hangzhou /boʔ²/
Wenzhou /bo²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰɔ²²/
Tunxi /pʰu¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pʰu²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰu²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /pʰuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /pʰɑu⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pok̚²/
Nanning /pɔk̚²²/
Hong Kong /puk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pʰɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /puʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰak̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbau³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɑuH/ /bʱɑuH/ /bɑuH/ /bɑuH/ /bawH/ /bɑuH/ /bɑuH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/buk̚/ /bʱuk̚/ /buk̚/ /buk̚/ /bəwk̚/ /buk̚/ /buk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bào ‹ buwk › /*[b]ˤawk/ waterfall?

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
332 3 /*boːwɢs/
345 0 /*boːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. waterfall

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pok, po) (hangeul , , revised pok, po, McCune-Reischauer p'ok, p'o, Yale phok, pho)

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