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See also:
U+66B4, 暴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-66B4

[U+66B3]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+66B5]
U+FA06, 暴
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA06

[U+FA05]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA07]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +11, 15 strokes, cangjie input 日廿金水 (ATCE), four-corner 60132, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Further readingEdit

Wikidata has structured data related to:

Wikidata

  • KangXi: page 499, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14137
  • Dae Jaweon: page 868, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1532, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+66B4

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*boːwɢs, *boːɡ
*boːwɢs, *boːɡ
*boːwɢs, *boːɡ
*boːwɢs
*proːwɢs, *poːwɢ, *proːwɢ
*poːwɢ, *poːwɢ
*proːwɢ
*pʰroːwɢ, *broːwɢ
*broːwɢ, *poːwɢ
*broːwɢ

Ideogrammic compound (會意) – originally (in oracle script) the antler of a buck (at bottom), indicating a savage attack. Subsequently significantly simplified and abstracted: in seal script analyzed as  +  +  + , while in current form rather  +  +  (similar to unrelated ); compare bottom component to bottom right of .

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (3) (3)
Final () (89) (3)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bawH/ /bəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Wang
Li
/bɑuH/ /buk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱɑuH/ /bʱuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bào
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bào
Middle
Chinese
‹ bawH › ‹ buwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*[b]ˁawk-s/ /*m-pˁawk/
English violent expose to sun

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 330 343
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*boːwɢs/ /*boːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. sudden
  2. violent; cruel; brutal; tyrannical
  3. to show; to expose
  4. to injure

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. violent; brutal; fierce

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
ぼう
Grade: 5
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC bɑuH, “violent”).

PronunciationEdit

Adjectival nounEdit

(-na inflection, hiragana ぼう, rōmaji )

  1. violent

InflectionEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぼう, rōmaji )

  1. violentness

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC buk̚, “to expose to the sun”).

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has literary Chinese texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 나타날, 드러날 (natanal, deureonal pok))

  1. (only in compounds) Hanja form? of (fierce; violent; brutal).
  2. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of (to show; to appear; to manifest).
Usage notesEdit

The original hanja reading for the sense "fierce; violent; brutal" is (po) based on Middle Chinese (MC bɑuH). The reading (pok) for this sense is a 속음 (俗音, sogeum, “unorthodox reading that became widespread”).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC bɑuH, “violent”).

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 사나울 (sanaul po))

  1. Hanja form? of (fierce; violent; brutal).
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 앙상할 (angsanghal bak)) (Can we verify(+) this sense?)

  1. (literary Chinese) Hanja form? of (sparse; bare; thin; skinny).
CompoundsEdit

VietnameseEdit