See also: Baku, Bakú, Bakü, and bąku

Ambonese Malay edit

Pronoun edit

baku

  1. one another, each other

Esperanto edit

Verb edit

baku

  1. imperative of baki

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

Clipping of bakteeri +‎ -u

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɑku/, [ˈbɑ̝ku]
  • Rhymes: -ɑku
  • Syllabification(key): ba‧ku

Noun edit

baku

  1. (slang, biology) Synonym of bakteeri (bacterium)

Declension edit

Inflection of baku (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
nominative baku bakut
genitive bakun bakujen
partitive bakua bakuja
illative bakuun bakuihin
singular plural
nominative baku bakut
accusative nom. baku bakut
gen. bakun
genitive bakun bakujen
partitive bakua bakuja
inessive bakussa bakuissa
elative bakusta bakuista
illative bakuun bakuihin
adessive bakulla bakuilla
ablative bakulta bakuilta
allative bakulle bakuille
essive bakuna bakuina
translative bakuksi bakuiksi
abessive bakutta bakuitta
instructive bakuin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of baku (Kotus type 1/valo, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative bakuni bakuni
accusative nom. bakuni bakuni
gen. bakuni
genitive bakuni bakujeni
partitive bakuani bakujani
inessive bakussani bakuissani
elative bakustani bakuistani
illative bakuuni bakuihini
adessive bakullani bakuillani
ablative bakultani bakuiltani
allative bakulleni bakuilleni
essive bakunani bakuinani
translative bakukseni bakuikseni
abessive bakuttani bakuittani
instructive
comitative bakuineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative bakusi bakusi
accusative nom. bakusi bakusi
gen. bakusi
genitive bakusi bakujesi
partitive bakuasi bakujasi
inessive bakussasi bakuissasi
elative bakustasi bakuistasi
illative bakuusi bakuihisi
adessive bakullasi bakuillasi
ablative bakultasi bakuiltasi
allative bakullesi bakuillesi
essive bakunasi bakuinasi
translative bakuksesi bakuiksesi
abessive bakuttasi bakuittasi
instructive
comitative bakuinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative bakumme bakumme
accusative nom. bakumme bakumme
gen. bakumme
genitive bakumme bakujemme
partitive bakuamme bakujamme
inessive bakussamme bakuissamme
elative bakustamme bakuistamme
illative bakuumme bakuihimme
adessive bakullamme bakuillamme
ablative bakultamme bakuiltamme
allative bakullemme bakuillemme
essive bakunamme bakuinamme
translative bakuksemme bakuiksemme
abessive bakuttamme bakuittamme
instructive
comitative bakuinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative bakunne bakunne
accusative nom. bakunne bakunne
gen. bakunne
genitive bakunne bakujenne
partitive bakuanne bakujanne
inessive bakussanne bakuissanne
elative bakustanne bakuistanne
illative bakuunne bakuihinne
adessive bakullanne bakuillanne
ablative bakultanne bakuiltanne
allative bakullenne bakuillenne
essive bakunanne bakuinanne
translative bakuksenne bakuiksenne
abessive bakuttanne bakuittanne
instructive
comitative bakuinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative bakunsa bakunsa
accusative nom. bakunsa bakunsa
gen. bakunsa
genitive bakunsa bakujensa
partitive bakuaan
bakuansa
bakujaan
bakujansa
inessive bakussaan
bakussansa
bakuissaan
bakuissansa
elative bakustaan
bakustansa
bakuistaan
bakuistansa
illative bakuunsa bakuihinsa
adessive bakullaan
bakullansa
bakuillaan
bakuillansa
ablative bakultaan
bakultansa
bakuiltaan
bakuiltansa
allative bakulleen
bakullensa
bakuilleen
bakuillensa
essive bakunaan
bakunansa
bakuinaan
bakuinansa
translative bakukseen
bakuksensa
bakuikseen
bakuiksensa
abessive bakuttaan
bakuttansa
bakuittaan
bakuittansa
instructive
comitative bakuineen
bakuinensa

Indonesian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈbaku]
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ku

Etymology 1 edit

Most likely from Malay [Term?], reconstructed as ber- (to have; to engage in reciprocal situation) +‎ aku (I, my, me). Doublet of beraku. Malay etymon may be :

The sense standard is a semantic loan from Dutch standaard via Malay.

Noun edit

baku (first-person possessive bakuku, second-person possessive bakumu, third-person possessive bakunya)

  1. core, base, fundamental
    Synonyms: pokok, dasar, utama
  2. standard
    Synonym: standar
    Bahasa baku.Standard language.
  3. (dialect, Java) members of the village community who are the core population whom own agricultural land, houses and yards.
Derived terms edit
Descendants edit
  • Malay: baku (standard)

Adverb edit

baku

  1. mutually, reciprocally, each other, one another
    Synonyms: satu sama lain, saling, bersama

Etymology 2 edit

From Wolio baku (provision).

Noun edit

baku (first-person possessive bakuku, second-person possessive bakumu, third-person possessive bakunya)

  1. (dialect) assistance from family members to the bride and groom as provisions for them to enter a new household.

Etymology 3 edit

From Tolaki [Term?].

Noun edit

baku (first-person possessive bakuku, second-person possessive bakumu, third-person possessive bakunya)

  1. (dialect, cooking) a kind of food, made from dried sago, fried together with coconut.

Further reading edit

Japanese edit

Romanization edit

baku

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ばく
  2. Rōmaji transcription of バク

Javanese edit

Romanization edit

baku

  1. Romanization of ꦧꦏꦸ.

Malay edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

One theory says that it is from Javanese baku (ꦧꦏꦸ, main, essential, basic; rice-field given to a village head instead of salary), most likely from Malay [Term?] (reconstructed as ber- (to have) +‎ aku (first personal pronoun), hence doublet of beraku). Several theories:

Another alternative proposal is that it is borrowed from Minangkabau baku (frozen), compare with beku.

Adjective edit

baku (Jawi spelling باکو)

  1. standard
    Synonyms: standard, piawai
    bahasa Melayu bakustandard Malay
Affixations edit
Compounds edit

Noun edit

baku (Jawi spelling باکو, plural baku-baku, informal 1st possessive bakuku, 2nd possessive bakumu, 3rd possessive bakunya)

  1. (informal) The artificial standardized accent of Malay where every letter is prescribed only one sound (e.g. ⟨k⟩ is only pronounced [k] and ⟨a⟩ is only pronounced [a]).
    Synonym: bahasa baku
    Aku tak biasa cakap baku.
    I'm not used to speaking baku.

Etymology 2 edit

Adverb edit

baku (Jawi spelling باکو)

  1. (archaic) each other, one another
    Synonym: saling

References edit

  • Wilkinson, Richard James (1932) “baku”, in A Malay-English dictionary (romanised), volume I, Mytilene, Greece: Salavopoulos & Kinderlis, page 71

Further reading edit

Manado Malay edit

Prefix edit

baku

  1. alternative form of baku- (mutually, reciprocally, each other, one another)

Mapudungun edit

Noun edit

baku (Raguileo spelling)

  1. paternal grandfather
  2. grandchild
  3. namesake

See also edit

References edit

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Polish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈba.ku/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aku
  • Syllabification: ba‧ku

Noun edit

baku m inan

  1. genitive/locative/vocative singular of bak

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

baku (Cyrillic spelling баку)

  1. accusative singular of baka

Sundanese edit

Romanization edit

baku

  1. Romanization of ᮘᮊᮥ.

Tetum edit

Verb edit

baku

  1. to beat, to hit

West Makian edit

Etymology edit

From East Makian baku (sago, sago palm).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

baku

  1. sago
  2. the sago palm

References edit

  • Clemens Voorhoeve (1982) The Makian languages and their neighbours[1], Pacific linguistics

Yilan Creole edit

Etymology edit

From Japanese タバコ (tabako, tobacco).

Noun edit

baku

  1. tobacco

References edit

  • Chien Yuehchen (2015) “The lexical system of Yilan Creole”, in New Advances in Formosan Linguistics[2], pages 513-532