See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(water) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +18, 21 strokes, cangjie input 水廿口土 (ETRG), four-corner 34114)

  1. pour
  2. water
  3. irrigate, flood

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 662, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18759
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1071, character 30
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1786, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+704C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/ /kʷɑnH/ /kwanH/ /kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guàn ‹ kwanH › /*[C.qʷ]ˤar-s/ pour, drip

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4478 3 /*koːns/

DefinitionsEdit

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JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwan) (hangeul , revised gwan, McCune-Reischauer kwan, Yale kwan)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quán)

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