See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(see)

Han characterEdit

(radical 147 +18, 25 strokes, cangjie input 廿土月山山 (TGBUU), four-corner 46210, composition)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1138, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1605, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3677, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+89C0

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/ /kuɑn/ /kuɑn/ /kʷɑn/ /kwan/ /kuɑn/ /kuɑn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/ /kʷɑnH/ /kwanH/ /kuɑnH/ /kuɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guān ‹ kwan › /*C.qʷˤar/ look (v.)
guàn ‹ kwanH › /*C.qʷˤar-s/ watchtower
guàn ‹ kwanH › /*C.qʷˤar-s/ 榮觀 imperial palace; walls and watchtowers

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4476 3 /*koːn/
4477 3 /*koːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. see, observe, view
  2. appearance
  3. 20th hexagram of the I Ching

Usage notesEdit

The normal reading (referring to seeing, observing, or viewing) is guān. The reading guàn is used only for various ancient meanings related to Taoism.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gwan)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: gwan, McCune-Reischauer: kwan, Yale: kwan)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quan, quán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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