See also: , , and
U+89C0, 觀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-89C0
覿
[U+89BF]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+89C1]

Translingual edit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 147, +18, 25 strokes, cangjie input 廿土月山山 (TGBUU), four-corner 46210, composition )

Derived characters edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1138, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34993
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1605, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3677, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+89C0

Chinese edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *koːn, *koːns) : phonetic (OC *koːns) + semantic (see).

Etymology edit

“To watch; to observe” (Pronunciation 1) > “watchtower; platform; temple” (Pronunciation 2).

Schuessler (2007) connects it with (OC *ɡoː, “target”) and (OC *ɡoːs, “to watch; to be on the lookout for; to wait”).

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note:
  • guang1 - Shantou;
  • guêng1 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter kwan
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwan/
Li
Rong
/kuɑn/
Wang
Li
/kuɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gun1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guān
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʷˁar/
English look (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 4476
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːn/

Definitions edit

  1. to observe; to watch; to view; to see
  2. to observe closely; to scrutinise; to investigate
  3. to read; to peruse
  4. to display; to show
  5. to visit; to go sightseeing
  6. to play; to enjoy
  7. appearance; looks
  8. sight; view; perspective
  9. concept; outlook
  10. a surname
Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Pronunciation 2 edit


Note:
  • koàn - literary;
  • kòaⁿ - vernacular.
Note:
  • guang3 - Shantou;
  • guêng3 - Chaozhou.

Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter kwanH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwanH/
Li
Rong
/kuɑnH/
Wang
Li
/kuɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
guàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
gun3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
guàn guàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ kwanH › ‹ kwanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.qʷˁar-s/ /*C.qʷˁar-s/
English watchtower 榮觀 imperial palace; walls and watchtowers

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 4477
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːns/

Definitions edit

  1. (historical) watchtower on either side of a palace gate
  2. (historical) platform; stage; dais; rostrum
  3. (Taoism) Taoist temple
  4. 20th hexagram of the I Ching
  5. a surname

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. Kyūjitai form of (to see, observe; appearance)

Readings edit

Korean edit

Etymology edit

“to see; etc.”
From Middle Chinese (MC kwan). Recorded as Middle Korean (kwan) (Yale: kwan) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.
“Taoist temple”
From Middle Chinese (MC kwanH). Recorded as Middle Korean 관〮 (kwán) (Yale: kwán) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (bol gwan))

  1. Hanja form? of (to see; to observe; to view).
  2. Hanja form? of (appearance; looks).
  3. Hanja form? of (sight; view; perspective).
  4. Hanja form? of (Taoist temple).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: quan, quán

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.