See also: and

Contents

Translingual

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Etymology

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qʰoːn): phonetic  ‎(OC *koːns) + semantic 

Han character

(radical 76 +18, 22 strokes, cangjie input 廿土弓人 (TGNO), four-corner 47282, composition)

  1. happy, pleased, glad
  2. joy
  3. to enjoy

References

  • KangXi: page 573, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 16242
  • Dae Jaweon: page 961, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2153, character 17
  • Unihan data for U+6B61

Chinese

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xuan⁵⁵/
Harbin /xuan⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xuan²¹/
Jinan /xuã²¹³/
Qingdao /xuã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /xuan²⁴/
Xi'an /xuã²¹/
Xining /xuã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xuan⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /xuɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /xuan⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xuan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /xuan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /xuan⁵⁵/
Kunming /xuã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /xuaŋ³¹/
Hefei /xʊ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /xuæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /xuɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /xuæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /huø⁵³/
Suzhou /huø⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /huõ³³/
Wenzhou /ɕy³³/
Hui Shexian /xuɛ³¹/
Tunxi /xuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /xõ³³/
Xiangtan /hɔn³³/
Gan Nanchang /fɵn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /fon⁵/
Taoyuan /fon²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /fun⁵³/
Nanning /fun⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /fun⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /huan⁵⁵/
/huã⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huaŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /huã³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /huaŋ²³/
/hua²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/huɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/hʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/xuɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hwan/
Li
Rong
/xuɑn/
Wang
Li
/xuɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xuɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
huān
Middle
Chinese
‹ xwan ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʷʰˤar/
English rejoice; joyous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4487
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰoːn/

Definitions

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Compounds

References


Japanese

Kanji

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings


Korean

Hanja

‎(hwan) (hangeul , revised hwan, McCune-Reischauer hwan, Yale hwan)

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Vietnamese

Han character

(hoan, hoen)

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