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U+78D5, 磕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-78D5

[U+78D4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+78D6]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 112, +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一口土戈廿 (MRGIT), four-corner 14617, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 835, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24407
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1252, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2446, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+78D5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːbs, *kaːb, *ɡaːb
*kaːbs
*kʰaːbs, *kʰoːb, *kʰaːb
*qoːb
*kaːb, *ɡaːb
*kʰaːb
*kʰaːb, *kʰaːd
*kʰaːb
*ɡaːb
*ɡaːb
*ɡaːb
*ɡaːb
*qaːb
*qaːb
*qroːb
*ɢrab

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰaːb, *kʰaːd): semantic  (stone) + phonetic  (OC *ɡaːb).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khap - literary;
  • kha̍p - vernacular (俗).

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (29) (29) (29)
Final () (25) (63) (144)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰajH/ /kʰat̚/ /kʰap̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kài ke ke
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 5077 5090
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰaːb/ /*kʰaːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to knock sth. against a hard surface; to dash against a stone
  2. to knock an item off another item by hitting them against a hard surface
  3. to kowtow
  4. (dialectal, figuratively) to fight

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. hit
  2. collide
  3. knock into

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): かい (kai), こう (kō), かつ (katsu), かち (kachi)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune–Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

  1. bump
  2. drumbeat

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khái, khạp)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.