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U+6E34, 渴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E34

[U+6E33]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E35]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水日心女 (EAPV), four-corner 36127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 635, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17788
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1042, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1676, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6E34

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːds, *kʰrads, *kʰrad
*qaːds
*qaːds, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qrads, *ɡaːd, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd
*kʰrads, *ked, *kʰrad, *ɡrad, *kad, *ɡad
*ɡrads, *ɡrad
*kʰob, *qʰaːd, *qʰad
*kaːd
*kaːd
*klaːd, *rab
*kʰaːd, *ɡrad
*kʰaːd
*qʰaːd, *qad
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd, *ɢljad
*qaːd
*qaːd
*qaːd
*kʰreːd, *kraːd, *r'aːb
*kʰraːd, *ɡrad, *ɡad
*kʰrad
*kʰrad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*kad
*kad
*qʰad
*qʰad
*qad

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khoah - vernacular;
  • khat - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (30)
Final () (63) (83)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰɑt̚/ /ɡˠiᴇt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰɑt̚/ /ɡᵚiɛt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɑt̚/ /ɡiæt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰat̚/ /giat̚/
Li
Rong
/kʰɑt̚/ /ɡjɛt̚/
Wang
Li
/kʰɑt̚/ /ɡĭɛt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰɑt̚/ /gi̯ɛt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ke jué
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ khat ›
Old
Chinese
/*Nə-[k]ʰˤat/
English thirsty

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 5025 5055
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰaːd/ /*ɡrad/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. thirsty
      ―  kǒu  ―  thirsty
      ―  wàng  ―  to thirst/to long for

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“thirsty”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 口渴
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan 口乾
Chengdu 口乾
Yangzhou 嘴乾
Hefei 口乾
Cantonese Guangzhou 頸渴
Hong Kong 頸渴
Taishan 頸渴
Yangjiang 頸渴
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian 肚渴
Xingning 嘴渴
Huidong
Qujiang 頸渴
Xiaosanjiang 頸渴
Changting 嘴燥
Pingyu 肚渴
Wuping 嘴恁燥嘴恁渴
Liancheng 嘴燥
Ninghua 口燥
Ruijin 嘴燥
Shicheng 嘴燥
Shangyou 口乾
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 嘴渴肚渴
Liudui (S. Sixian) 嘴渴肚渴
Hsinchu (Hailu) 嘴渴肚渴
Dongshi (Dabu) 嘴渴肚渴
Zhuolan (Raoping) 嘴渴肚渴
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 嘴渴
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou 喙焦
Min Dong Fuzhou 喙焦
Matsu 喙焦
Min Nan Xiamen 喙焦喙渴
Quanzhou 喙焦
Zhangzhou 喙焦喙渴喙堅
Taipei 喙焦
Kaohsiung 喙焦
Tainan 喙焦
Taichung 喙焦
Hsinchu 喙焦
Lukang 喙焦
Sanxia 喙焦喉渴
Yilan 喙焦
Kinmen 喙焦
Magong 喙焦
Penang 喙焦
Chaozhou 喉焦
Wu Suzhou 嘴乾
Wenzhou 口燥
Xiang Changsha 口乾
Shuangfeng 口乾

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. thirsty
  2. parched
  3. yearn
  4. pine

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gal, geol) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer kal, kŏl, Yale kal, kel)

  1. thirsty

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(khát, kiệt, hạt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.