Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also:
U+6E34, 渴
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6E34

[U+6E33]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6E35]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 水日心女 (EAPV), four-corner 36127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 635, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17788
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1042, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1676, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6E34

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰaːds, *kʰrads, *kʰrad
*qaːds
*qaːds, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qrads, *ɡaːd, *qaːd
*qraːds, *qʰoːb, *qʰaːd
*kʰrads, *ked, *kʰrad, *ɡrad, *kad, *ɡad
*ɡrads, *ɡrad
*kʰob, *qʰaːd, *qʰad
*kaːd
*kaːd
*klaːd, *rab
*kʰaːd, *ɡrad
*kʰaːd
*qʰaːd, *qad
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd
*ɡaːd, *ɢljad
*qaːd
*qaːd
*qaːd
*kʰreːd, *kraːd, *r'aːb
*kʰraːd, *ɡrad, *ɡad
*kʰrad
*kʰrad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*ɡrad, *ɡad
*kad
*kad
*qʰad
*qʰad
*qad

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khoah - vernacular;
  • khat - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (29) (30)
    Final () (63) (83)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɑt̚/ /ɡˠiᴇt̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɑt̚/ /ɡᵚiɛt̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɑt̚/ /ɡiæt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰat̚/ /giat̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰɑt̚/ /ɡjɛt̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰɑt̚/ /ɡĭɛt̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰɑt̚/ /gi̯ɛt̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ke jué
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ khat ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Nə-[k]ʰˤat/
    English thirsty

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 5025 5055
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰaːd/ /*ɡrad/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. thirsty
        ―  kǒu  ―  thirsty
        ―  wàng  ―  to thirst/to long for

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of (“thirsty”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 口渴
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan 口乾
    Chengdu 口乾
    Yangzhou 嘴乾
    Hefei 口乾
    Cantonese Guangzhou 頸渴
    Hong Kong 頸渴
    Taishan 頸渴
    Yangjiang 頸渴
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian 肚渴
    Xingning 嘴渴
    Huidong
    Qujiang 頸渴
    Xiaosanjiang 頸渴
    Changting 嘴燥
    Pingyu 肚渴
    Wuping 嘴恁燥嘴恁渴
    Liancheng 嘴燥
    Ninghua 口燥
    Ruijin 嘴燥
    Shicheng 嘴燥
    Shangyou 口乾
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 嘴渴肚渴
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 嘴渴肚渴
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 嘴渴肚渴
    Dongshi (Dabu) 嘴渴肚渴
    Zhuolan (Raoping) 嘴渴肚渴
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 嘴渴
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou 喙焦
    Min Dong Fuzhou 喙焦
    Matsu 喙焦
    Min Nan Xiamen 喙焦喙渴
    Quanzhou 喙焦
    Zhangzhou 喙焦喙渴喙堅
    Taipei 喙焦
    Kaohsiung 喙焦
    Tainan 喙焦
    Taichung 喙焦
    Hsinchu 喙焦
    Lukang 喙焦
    Sanxia 喙焦喉渴
    Yilan 喙焦
    Kinmen 喙焦
    Magong 喙焦
    Penang 喙焦
    Philippines (Manila) 喙焦
    Chaozhou 喉焦
    Wu Suzhou 嘴乾
    Wenzhou 口燥
    Xiang Changsha 口乾
    Shuangfeng 口乾

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. thirsty
    2. parched
    3. yearn
    4. pine

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gal, geol)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): , (McCune–Reischauer: kal, kŏl, Yale: kal, kel)
      • Name (hangeul): 목마를
    1. thirsty

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (khát, kiệt, hạt)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.