U+7FC1, 翁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FC1

[U+7FC0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FC2]

Translingual

edit

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 124, +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 金戈尸一 (CISM), four-corner 80127, composition )

Derived characters

edit

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 955, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28635
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1401, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3343, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+7FC1

Chinese

edit
trad.
simp. #
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph origin

edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *qloːŋ) : phonetic (OC *kloːŋ) + semantic (wings). Originally representing the meaning “feathers”, it was later loaned to mean “old man” and similar senses, by association with the semantic .

Etymology 1

edit

Possibly Sino-Tibetan. Compare Mizo ung (to be old, elderly, aged; to be venerable, antique, ancient; to be of long standing, to be an old inhabitant, to be an old stager (v.; adj.)) (Schuessler, 2007).

Baxter & Sagart (2017) included (OC *qˤoŋ) "old man" in the same word-family as (OC *C.qˤoŋ) "father, prince" and (OC *t-qoŋ) "husband's father".

Pronunciation

edit

Note:
  • ang - vernacular (incl. surname in Taiwan);
  • ong - literary.
Note:
  • ang1 - vernacular;
  • ong1 - literary;
  • êng1 - vernacular (surname).

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /uəŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /uəŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /vəŋ²¹/
Jinan /vəŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /ɣəŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /uəŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /uŋ²¹/
Xining /uə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /vəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /və̃n³¹/
/kũn³¹/
Ürümqi /vɤŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /oŋ⁵⁵/
Chengdu /oŋ⁵⁵/
Guiyang /oŋ⁵⁵/
Kunming /oŋ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /oŋ³¹/
Hefei /əŋ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /vəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /uŋ¹³/
Hohhot /və̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /oŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /oŋ⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔoŋ³³/
Wenzhou /oŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /uʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /an¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ŋoŋ³³/
Xiangtan /uən³³/
Gan Nanchang /uŋ⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /vuŋ⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /vuŋ²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /joŋ⁵⁵/
Nanning /juŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /juŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /ɔŋ⁵⁵/
/aŋ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /uŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /ɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /oŋ³³/
/eŋ³³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /oŋ²³/
/aŋ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (1)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter 'uwng
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəwŋ/
Li
Rong
/ʔuŋ/
Wang
Li
/uŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔuŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
wēng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ung1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
wēng
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*qˁoŋ/
English old man (Han?)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 4094
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qloːŋ/

Definitions

edit

  1. elderly man
  2. (literary, or in compounds) father
  3. (literary, or in compounds) father of one's husband or wife
    婿  ―  wēng  ―  father-in-law and son-in-law
  4. (Southern Min) husband
    仔某 [Hokkien]  ―  ang-á-bó͘ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  husband and wife
  5. (obsolete) the feathers of a bird's neck
  6. a surname
      ―  Wēng Tónghé  ―  Weng Tonghe (Qing dynasty government official)
      ―  Wēng Qīnghǎi  ―  Vincent Ng (Singaporean martial artist and former actor)
Synonyms
edit

Compounds

edit

Descendants

edit
Sino-Xenic ():
  • Vietnamese: ông ()

Etymology 2

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Definitions

edit

  1. (Cantonese) to contract muscles on one's face, usually causing folds to appear
    [Cantonese]  ―  jung1 hei2 go3 bei6 [Jyutping]  ―  to move one's nose upwards

Etymology 3

edit

Pronunciation

edit

Definitions

edit

  1. (obsolete) Used in 翁翁.

Further reading

edit

Japanese

edit
Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]

翁󠄂
+&#xE0102;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
 
翁󠄄
+&#xE0104;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji

edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. King
  2. old man
  3. venerable gentleman

Readings

edit

Etymology 1

edit
Kanji in this term
おう
Grade: S
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC 'uwng).

The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

Pronunciation

edit

Affix

edit

(おう) (ōをう (wou)?

  1. old man

Noun

edit

(おう) (ōをう (wou)?

  1. old man; venerable gentleman

Suffix

edit

(おう) (をう (wou)?

  1. (honorific) venerable; old; father

Pronoun

edit

(おう) (ōをう (wou)?

  1. (humble, used by elderly men) I; me

Etymology 2

edit
Kanji in this term
おきな
Grade: S
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
おきな
[noun] old man
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References

edit
  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア [Kanjipedia]‎[1] (in Japanese), The Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation, 2015–2024
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

edit

Hanja

edit

(eum (ong))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

edit

Han character

edit

: Hán Nôm readings: ông

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.