U+7FC1, 翁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7FC1

[U+7FC0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7FC2]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 124, +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 金戈尸一 (CISM), four-corner 80127, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 955, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28635
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1401, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3343, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+7FC1

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
 
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Glyph originEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Possibly Sino-Tibetan. Compare Mizo ung (to be old, elderly, aged; to be venerable, antique, ancient; to be of long standing, to be an old inhabitant, to be an old stager (v.; adj.)) (Schuessler, 2007).

Baxter & Sagart (2017) included (OC *qˤoŋ) "old man" in the same word-family as (OC *C.qˤoŋ) "father, prince" and (OC *t-qoŋ) "husband's father".

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ang - vernacular (incl. surname in Taiwan);
  • ong - literary.
Note:
  • ang1 - vernacular;
  • ong1 - literary;
  • êng1 - vernacular (surname).
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /uəŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /uəŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /vəŋ²¹/
    Jinan /vəŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /ɣəŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /uəŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /uŋ²¹/
    Xining /uə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /vəŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /və̃n³¹/
    /kũn³¹/
    Ürümqi /vɤŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /oŋ⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /oŋ⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /oŋ⁵⁵/
    Kunming /oŋ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /oŋ³¹/
    Hefei /əŋ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /vəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /uŋ¹³/
    Hohhot /və̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /oŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /oŋ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ʔoŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /oŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /uʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /an¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ŋoŋ³³/
    Xiangtan /uən³³/
    Gan Nanchang /uŋ⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /vuŋ⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /vuŋ²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /joŋ⁵⁵/
    Nanning /juŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /juŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ɔŋ⁵⁵/
    /aŋ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /uŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /oŋ³³/
    /eŋ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /oŋ²³/
    /aŋ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (1)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔuŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔuŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔuŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔəwŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔuŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /uŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔuŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    wēng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ung1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    wēng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔuwng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qˁoŋ/
    English old man (Han?)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4094
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qloːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary, or in compounds) elderly man
    2. (literary, or in compounds) father
    3. (literary, or in compounds) father of one's husband or wife
    4. (Min Nan) husband
      仔某 [Hokkien]  ―  ang-á-bó͘ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  husband and wife
    5. the feathers of a bird's neck
    6. a surname
        ―  Wēng Qīnghǎi  ―  Vincent Ng (Singaporean martial artist and former actor)
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 2Edit

    PronunciationEdit

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (Cantonese) to contract muscles on one's face, usually causing folds to appear
      [Cantonese]  ―  jung1 hei2 go3 bei6 [Jyutping]  ―  to move one's nose upwards

    Etymology 3Edit

    PronunciationEdit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (obsolete) Used in 翁翁.

    Further readingEdit

    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai
    Kyūjitai
    [1]

    翁󠄂
    +&#xE0102;?
    (Adobe-Japan1)
     
    翁󠄄
    +&#xE0104;?
    (Hanyo-Denshi)
    (Moji_Joho)
    The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
    See here for details.

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. King
    2. old man
    3. venerable gentleman

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    おう
    Grade: S
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC ʔuŋ).

    The kan'on pronunciation, so likely a later borrowing.

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (おう) (ōをう (wou)?

    1. old man

    NounEdit

    (おう) (ōをう (wou)?

    1. old man; venerable gentleman

    SuffixEdit

    (おう) (をう (wou)?

    1. (honorific) venerable; old; father

    PronounEdit

    (おう) (ōをう (wou)?

    1. (humble, used by elderly men) I; me

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    おきな
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
    おきな
    [noun] old man
    (This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア (Kanjipedia)[1] (in Japanese), 日本漢字能力検定協会, 2015—2023
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eum (ong))

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ông

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.