See also:
U+5EA7, 座
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5EA7

[U+5EA6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5EA8]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 53, 广+7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 戈人人土 (IOOG), four-corner 00214, composition 广)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 346, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9319
  • Dae Jaweon: page 655, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 886, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+5EA7

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
2nd round simp.

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *zoːls) : semantic 广 (house on cliff) + phonetic (OC *zoːlʔ, *zoːls).

Etymology edit

Exopassive of (OC *zoːlʔ, “to sit; to be situated”), literally "that which is sat on" (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • chō/chǒ͘ - literary;
  • chē/chǒ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (15)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter dzwaH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zuɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zuɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zuɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zwaH/
Li
Rong
/d͡zuɑH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zuɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱuɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuò
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zo6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zuò
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzwaH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[dz]ˁo[j]ʔ-s/
English seat n.

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 18066
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zoːls/

Definitions edit

  1. seat (Classifier: m)
      ―  ràngzuò  ―  to give up one's seat
  2. stand; base (Classifier: m c)
  3. Short for 星座 (xīngzuò, “constellation”).
    天蠍天蝎  ―  tiānxiēzuò  ―  Scorpio
  4. Classifier for buildings, mountains and similar immovable objects.
  5. (Hong Kong Cantonese) room number in an residential building
    十八C十八C [Hong Kong Cantonese]  ―  sap6 baat3 lau4-2 si1 zo6 [Jyutping]  ―  Eighteenth Floor Block C

Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

  • Vietnamese: toà

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 6
on’yomi

Middle Chinese (d͡zuɑH)

Pronunciation edit

Suffix edit

() (-za

  1. names of constellations
  2. names of theaters

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
くら
Grade: 6
kun’yomi

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

(くら) (kura

  1. high place
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998) NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(jwa) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: tọa/toạ, tòa/toà, phụng

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.