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See also: 𦥑, , , , and
U+81FC, 臼
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81FC

[U+81FB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81FD]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 134, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹X (HX), four-corner 77770)

  1. Kangxi radical #134, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1003, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30173
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1459, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3037, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+81FC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡuʔ
*ɡʷɯs
*ɡʷɯs
*kuɡ

Pictogram (象形): a mortar

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • khǔ/khū - vernacular;
  • kiǔ/kiū - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (30)
Final () (136)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɨuX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡiuX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiəuX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/guwX/
Li
Rong
/ɡiuX/
Wang
Li
/ɡĭəuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ə̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiù
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jiù
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.[ɡ]ʷəʔ/
English mortar

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6977
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡuʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. hollow vessel used to pound or crush ingredients; mortar
  2. that which looks like a mortar

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. millstone; mortar

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
うす
Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Proto-Japonic *osu ~ usu.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana うす, rōmaji usu)

  1. mortar

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (gu))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: cối, cữu

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN