U+8205, 舅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8205

[U+8204]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8206]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 134, +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 竹X田大尸 (HXWKS), four-corner 77427, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1004, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30208
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1460, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3040, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+8205

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡuʔ): phonetic  (OC *ɡuʔ) + semantic  (male; man).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(g/k)əw-n (elder brother; senior male relative); compare Tibetan ཨ་ཁུ (a khu, father's brother); cognate with (OC *ɡʷɯs, “old; ancient”), (OC *kuːn, “elder brother”) (STEDT).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kū/kǔ - vernacular;
  • kiū/kiǔ - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
  • Note:
    • jiou5 - vernacular;
    • jiou4 - literary.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕiou⁵¹/
    Harbin /t͡ɕiou⁵³/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕiou⁵³/
    Jinan /t͡ɕiou²¹/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕiou⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕiou³¹²/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕiou⁴⁴/
    Xining /t͡ɕiɯ²¹³/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕiəu¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕiou¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕiɤu²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕiəu³⁵/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕiəu¹³/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕiəu²¹³/
    Kunming /t͡ɕiəu²¹²/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕiəɯ⁴⁴/
    Hefei /t͡ɕiɯ⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕiəu⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕiəu³⁵/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕiəu⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑiɤ²³/
    Suzhou /d͡ʑiɤ³¹/
    Hangzhou /d͡ʑiø¹³/
    Wenzhou /d͡ʑau³⁵/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiu³⁵/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu²⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕiəu⁵⁵/
    /t͡ɕiəu¹¹/
    Xiangtan /d͡ʑiəɯ²¹/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰiu²¹/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiu⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /kʰiu²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰɐu²³/
    Nanning /kʰɐu²⁴/
    Hong Kong /kʰɐu¹³/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiu²²/
    /ku²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kiɛu²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /kiu⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /ku³⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ku³³/
    /ku³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (30)
    Final () (136)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɡɨuX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɡiuX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɡiəuX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /guwX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɡiuX/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɡĭəuX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /gi̯ə̯uX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    jiù
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    jiù
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ gjuwX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ](r)uʔ/
    English mother"s brother

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 6980
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡuʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. maternal uncle (mother's brother)
    2. brother-in-law (wife's brother)
    3. father-in-law (wife's father)
    4. father-in-law (husband's father)
    5. feudal prince of a different surname (to an emperor)
    6. official of a different surname (to a feudal prince)
    7. A surname​.

    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    ReadingsEdit
    • On (unclassified): きゅう (kyū)
    • Kun: しゅうと (shūto, )

    Etymology 1Edit

    /sihi1to2/: [shipitwo] → [shiɸitwo] → [shiɸito]. See next entry.

    NounEdit

    (しひと) (shihito)

    1. a father-in-law

    Etymology 2Edit

    From shihito: [shipitwo] → [shiɸitwo] → [shiɸito] → [shiɸuto] → [shiwuto] → [shiuto] → [shuːto].

    NounEdit

    (しゅうと) (shūto) (historical hiragana しうと)

    1. a father-in-law

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune–Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cậu, cữu)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.