U+81FD, 臽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-81FD

[U+81FC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+81FE]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 134, +2, 8 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹X (NHX), composition(G) or ⿱(TJK))

  1. pit, hole

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1003, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30177
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1459, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3037, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+81FD

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
2nd round simp. ⿱ク曰

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script
     

In the oracle bone script, an ideogrammic compound (會意): 鹿 (deer) + (pit) – a deer falling into a trap.

From the bronze inscriptions, now an ideogrammic compound (會意): (person) + (trap) – a person falling into a trap.

Original form of .

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (33)
Final () (159) (151)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰʌmX/ /ɦˠɛmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰəmX/ /ɦᵚæmH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰɒmX/ /ɣɐmH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəmX/ /ɦəɨmH/
Li
Rong
/kʰᴀmX/ /ɣɐmH/
Wang
Li
/kʰɒmX/ /ɣɐmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰămX/ /ɣămH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kǎn xiàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ham2 haam6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xiàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ hɛmH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ɢ]ˁromʔ-s/
English small pit

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 13545 13557
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰloːmʔ/ /*ɡroːms/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (obsolete) pit; hole

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“to submerge; to sink; to plunge; to be captured; etc.”).
(This character, , is an ancient form of .)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. pit
  2. hole

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): かん (kan), げん (gen), こん (kon)
  • Kun: おとしあな (otoshiana)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ham) (hangeul , revised ham, McCune–Reischauer ham)

  1. pit
  2. hollow, hole