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ChineseEdit

Perilla ocimoides; soft luxuriant growth; passing (of time)
trad. (荏苒)
simp. #(荏苒)
anagram 苒荏

EtymologyEdit

A reduplicative, ideophonic compound in Late Old Chinese. Compare:

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (38) (38)
Final () (139) (153)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ȵiɪmX/ /ȵiᴇmX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ȵimX/ /ȵiɛmX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵʑjemX/ /ȵʑjæmX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ȵimX/ /ȵiamX/
Li
Rong
/ȵiəmX/ /ȵiɛmX/
Wang
Li
/ȵʑĭĕmX/ /ȵʑĭɛmX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȵʑi̯əmX/ /ȵʑi̯ɛmX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
rěn rǎn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
rěn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nyimX ›
Old
Chinese
/*n[ə]mʔ/ (< *num?)
English a kind of big beans

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 10814 10785
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*njɯmʔ/ /*njamʔ/

VerbEdit

荏苒

  1. (literary, of time) to pass gradually; to elapse; to slip by quickly or imperceptibly
  2. (literary) to waste (time); to play for time
  3. (literary) to pass through many places; to move about

Derived termsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

荏苒

  1. (literary, ideophonic, of worry, sadness, etc.) incessant; never-ending; continual
  2. (literary, ideophonic) Alternative form of 荏染 (“weak; delicate”).