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U+751A, 甚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-751A

[U+7519]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+751B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 99, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿一一女 (TMMV), four-corner 44711, composition ⿱⿴𠄠𠃊(GV) or ⿱⿴𠄠𠃊(JK) or ⿱⿴𠄠丿㇄(HT))

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 754, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21648
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1161, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 25, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+751A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
variant forms 𠥄
𠯕

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔl'uːm, *r'uːmʔ, *l'um
*ʔl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ, *l'uːmʔ
*sluːmʔ
*kʰluːm
*kʰluːm, *ʔl'umʔ
*kʰluːm, *ŋɡluːm, *ŋɡluːmʔ, *sɡruːmʔ, *kʰruːm
*kʰluːmʔ, *kʰluːb
*kʰluːms
*kʰuːms
*kʰuːms
*r'uːmʔ
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'um
*ʔl'ums
*l̥ʰumʔ
*l̥ʰumʔ
*kljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljum
*ɡljumʔ, *ɡljums
*ɦljumʔ

Shuowen: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + .

Etymology 1Edit

Perhaps cognate with (OC *kljum, “to pour”) (Schuessler, 2007).

PronunciationEdit


Note: sap6 - rare.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂən⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂən⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂən⁵³/
/sən⁵³/
Jinan /ʂẽ²¹/
Qingdao /ʃə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂən³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂẽ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʂə̃²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂəŋ¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂə̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /sən³⁵/
Chengdu /sən¹³/
Guiyang /sen²¹³/
Kunming /ʂə̃²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂən⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂən⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /səŋ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʂəŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /sə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən³¹/
Hangzhou /zen¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ɕiʌ̃²²/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /ʂən⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʂən⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɨn²¹/
Hakka Meixian /səm⁵³/
Taoyuan /ʃem³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐm²²/
Nanning /sɐm²²/
Hong Kong /sɐm²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sim⁵³/
/sim²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sɛiŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /seiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sim³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tim³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (25)
Final () (139) (139)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiɪmX/ /d͡ʑiɪmH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑimX/ /d͡ʑimH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjemX/ /d͡ʑjemH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑimX/ /d͡ʑimH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəmX/ /ʑiəmH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭĕmX/ /ʑĭĕmH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əmX/ /ʑi̯əmH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shèn shèn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shèn shèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyimX › ‹ dzyimH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[t.ɢ][ə]mʔ/ /*[t.ɢ][ə]mʔ-s/
English excessive, very excessive

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 11296 11297
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡljumʔ/ /*ɡljums/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. serious; extreme
  2. extremely; considerably
  3. to exceed
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Pronunciation 1Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“ten families; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant traditional form of .)

Pronunciation 2Edit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary or dialectal) what
      ―  Shèn shì?  ―  What is it?

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. tremendously
  2. very
  3. great
  4. exceedingly

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sim) (hangeul , revised sim, McCune–Reischauer sim, Yale sim)

  1. great extent
  2. considerably

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thậm, rậm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.